Published on Jul 13, 2021
What is Arthritis
Simply put; arthritis is joint inflammation. Joint inflammation stems from around 200 conditions that affect joints, tissues surrounding the joint, and the connecting tissues. It is a rheumatic disease (that is, diseases affecting bones, muscles, ligament, and joint tendons). Specifically, there is no cure. But proper treatment and management can ease the condition down. Arthritis can be classified as a musculoskeletal disease.
Classification of Arthritis
Arthritis is of two classifications; cause and location (anatomy).
Cause: This classification of arthritis as the name loosely implies is a result of the body’s response to the presence of foreign bodies. These foreign bodies are the causal agents by which arthritis develops in the body. It can be further broken down into three types; septic arthritis (caused by bacteria), viral arthritis (caused by a virus), and an autoimmune reaction. The autoimmune reaction has various subtypes; rheumatoid arthritis, systematic lupus, and psoriatic arthritis.
Location (Anatomy): There are certain factors associated with the disease’s development. Within the definition of anatomy, location, trauma, and stress are potent factors. These factors can lead to osteoarthritis.
It is important to note that septic and viral arthritis can be cured when the organisms responsible are eradicated through medical treatment.
Types of Arthritis
With classifications already established, there are several types of arthritis in existence. The types listed in the write-up will be common types that occur frequently.
•?Gouty arthritis (gout and pseudogout).
Signs and Symptoms of Arthritis
Signs and symptoms vary across patients and are also specific to what type of arthritis the patient might have. Symptoms develop gradually or suddenly.
Common symptoms are:
1.?Stiffness, swelling, redness, and warmth of affected joint.
2.?Limited motion and deformity.
3.?Short or constant pain.
4.?Episodes of flare-ups (sudden increase in joint pain).
Certain symptoms from rheumatoid arthritis are internal as inflammations occur inside the body system, in the organs. Symptoms following are:
8.?Reduced amount of urine.
Causes of Arthritis
Causes of arthritis depend on many factors:
• Genetics (passed down through genes (Osteoarthritis)).
• Infections (Lyme disease).
• Abnormal immune system response (Rheumatoid Arthritis and Lupus).
• Abnormal metabolism (Gout and Pseudogout).
There are some risk factors associated with arthritis, factors that can facilitate the thriving of arthritis.
• Age: The older you get, the possibility of getting osteoarthritis increases.
• Gender: Women are commonly susceptible to most types of arthritis. Gout and Ankylosing spondylitis are ?common in men.
• Genetics: Certain types of arthritis can be passed down from one generation to the other. Rheumatoid ?arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, and ankylosing spondylitis can be inherited.
• Occupation: Work involving constant motion or movement can lead to the development of osteoarthritis.
• Overweight and Obesity: Excess weight tends to cause wear and tear of joints.
• Infection: External and internal infections not properly and early treated can attack joints and cause arthritis.
It is important to note that arthritis triggered by the abnormal autoimmune response of the body, affects people of all ages. Seldom are kids diagnosed with the condition (Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis).
Arthritis treatment is progressive in nature. It might not start and finish on the same day. The major question would be; “When do I see a doctor or seek medical assistance?” You do so if any symptoms listed occur and persist for more than five (5) days. As stated earlier, some arthritis detected and treated early can lead to the condition being eliminated which will prevent lifelong complications like cardiovascular diseases and lymphoma.
The first step is a consultation between a doctor and the affected patient.
After the first examination, an investigation can be carried out. An investigation involving specific sample tests and x-rays might be ordered.
After proper and clear identification of the condition has occurred, depending on the type of arthritis, you might be referred to see a medical specialist in the field of arthritis.
If arthritis under the causal classification is affecting internal organs, other medical specialists can be consulted.
The consulting doctor can advise exercise, medication, physical therapy, and dieting.
Arthritis treatment depends on the type of condition present. Not all might require treatment. Some may require home remedies, such as.
•?Healthy, balanced diet (it will also include foods that you will not consume).
•?Exercising (specific types).
•?Little to no alcoholic consumption.
•?Regulated work pattern.
•?Avoiding certain stances and postures over a while.
How to Tell the Difference between the Two Classifications of Arthritis
The best way to tell the difference is to see a doctor. Talking to a doctor about your symptoms is better than taking guesswork.
You can schedule an appointment with our doctor for a home or on-call doctor’s consultation regarding arthritis.
Call 08081111121 to book an appointment.