Alzheimer disease can be defined as the most common type of dementia. Dementia can be defined as a reduction in thinking skills, how a person behaves and social skills. It leads to an individual’s ability to function. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive disorder that leads to degeneration of brain cells which eventually leads to the death of the brain cells.
At the beginning of the disease, the individual might forget recent conversations and events, but as it further progresses, it can get as bad as the individuals being unable to carry out basic everyday activities.
There are currently medications that can be taken for this disease which can slow down the progress of the disease. It helps the patients best maximise full function. There are different programs available to help support the people with this disease.
There is currently no treatment for this disease and only medications to slow down the process of the degeneration of the brain cells.
The most common and first sign of Alzheimer disease is the memory loss experienced by the patients. Forgetting events and conversations can be a key indicator of this disease. As the patient gets worse, the disease develops and the memory of the patient becomes worse and other symptoms like inability to carry out task for oneself.
At first, the patient suffering from this disease might be able to detect his/her own memory lapses, but with time, the symptoms worsen. Changes in the brain that can be associated with Alzheimer disease are:
The exact nature of the disease is not fully understood yet and as a result, no real cure has been found yet. The cause of the disease is believed to be a combination of different factors such as genetics, environmental factors and lifestyle changes that affect the brain over a period of time.
Some of the risk factors are:
When a patient has this disease, he or she becomes incapable of expressing himself or herself when in pain, cannot fully describe the symptoms being felt or if he or she is in pain, experiences loss in memory, cannot make good judgement, etc.
As the disease progresses to the last stages, physical functions are also affected.
Alzheimer disease cannot be prevented but it is advised to have healthy life habits such as eating properly and exercising regularly.