Overview of Aneurysm
An aneurysm occurs when the arterial wall in the artery is weakened and becomes bloated. It also occurs when the blood pressure flowing through the vessel has weakened the arterial wall, causing it to be bloated. An aneurysm can occur in the aorta, the blood vessels in the brain, and anywhere in the circulatory system. It commonly affects the aorta.
The aorta is the largest artery in the body that transports blood rich in oxygen from the heart to the rest of the body. It begins at the top of the left section of the heart and runs all the way down to the pelvis.
The effects of an aneurysm are so severe that if the blood vessels should burst open or begin to leak thereby leading to internal bleeding which can lead to blood clots which can also cause a stroke. It is a life-threatening situation.
Types of Aneurysm
Aortic aneurysm: The arteries surrounding the heart and the aorta are affected due to many conditions like it being inherited, or as a result of the complications associated with hypertension or smoking.
Cerebral aneurysm: The blood vessels in the brain are affected. Complications that can arise is stroke. This will happen if the blood vessels(s) are ruptured and creates internal bleeding.
Peripheral vascular aneurysm: The arteries that supply blood to the knee joint and thigh are being weakened or become bloated.
Ventricular aneurysm: This affects the tissues in the heart’s wall. It can be a complication that arises from when a previous heart attack or defects from birth.
Symptoms of Aneurysm
Symptoms can be difficult to spot until the blood vessel(s) rupture. This is particular to the brain and in the body. However, the condition occurring near the skin will vary according to location.
Symptoms vary with location along the aorta, the chest, and the abdomen.
· Sudden back pain
· Severe chest pain
· Limb numbness
· Severe pain in the abdomen
· Shortness of breath
· Feeling dizzy
Symptoms will show up after the blood vessels burst open. Symptoms such as:
· Severe headache
· Double vision
· Light sensitivity
There are still symptoms to watch out for if the aneurysm is unruptured. Such as:
· Double vision
· One side of the face is numb
Peripheral vascular aneurysm
· Muscle cramps during exercise
· Pain in the arm or leg at rest
· Weakness of one side of the body
Causes of Aneurysm
It is not clear yet what causes an aneurysm, but certain conditions can increase the chances of the condition developing. Conditions such as:
· Damaged tissues in the arteries
· Fat deposits in the arteries
· A family history of it
· Diets high in saturated fats
Diagnosis varies with location. A cerebral aneurysm is found with the use of CT-Scan and ultrasound. Part of the questions a doctor would ask is about your family history regarding the condition and other conditions and your lifestyle choices. He or she is not asking to judge, but to establish a clear line of diagnosis and treatment. A Series of tests and scans will be done, such as:
· Check heart rate
· Check blood pressure
· Check behind the knee or arm for lumps
· Run ultrasound for the aorta
· Run CT-Scan for chest diagnosis
· Run CT-Scan for cerebral aneurysm
· Run MRI
Treatment of Aneurysm
Aneurysms are treated with surgery or using medications. Surgery might not be an option if the danger of the surgery outweighs the danger of the aneurysm. Medications will be used instead. In the case of surgery being the option, the doctor can begin with treatment to see if it can yield a desired effect before or not going through the surgery. In the case of a ruptured aneurysm, surgery is the option needed. If it happens around the chest or abdomen, endovascular stent graft will be used for treatment.
Medications prescribed are drugs used to treat high blood pressure and reduce cholesterol in the body.
Prevention of Aneurysm
Living a lifestyle of balanced and healthy diets. Foods that contain fruits. Fiber, vegetable, low saturated and low cholesterol meals, and low-fat dairy foods should be a part of your diet.
Your daily routine should be inclusive of regular light-weight exercises like walking, cycling, cardio, etc. It helps in proper blood circulation around the body and also checks the possibility of obesity.
Smoking and eating tobacco increase the chances of getting an aneurysm. The same thing goes for excessive indulgence in caffeine, its products, and stimulant drugs. Avoidance or a reduced intake can go a long way to preventing the condition. Quitting the intake of tobacco in any form or manner is better than moderating the intake.
You need to pay attention to if your family has a history of aneurysm. If it is so, there is no need to panic. You need to consult with a doctor about the options available. Before doing so, you can play a role by adjusting your lifestyle choices especially when it increases the chances of getting the condition.