According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention; Cholera is an acute diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the toxigenic bacterium Vibrio Cholerae serogroup O1 or O139. WebMD defines cholera as an infectious disease that causes severe watery diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration and even death if untreated. Getting a proper understanding of WebMD’s definition, the article will define what diarrhea is. Diarrhea is a watery stool that occurs more frequently than normal. There are many common causes of diarrhea ranging from food to drinks, allergies, medications, diseases, and infection.
Food and water contaminated by the cholera bacteria, Vibrio Cholerae is the major cause of cholera. The food and water get contaminated by feces from a person with the infection. The mode of transmission is feco-oral. With that in mind, there are various places and items that cholera bacteria commonly reside in.These places and items include but are not limited to:
Symptoms of cholera can be mild, and in some cases, symptoms might not persist. It is also important to note that it can also be severe. Symptoms can present themselves immediately after infection or five days later. You will be looking for symptoms likely watery diarrhea followed by vomiting which may lead to dehydration if unchecked. It is important to note the symptoms of dehydration as it can elude an individual. Symptoms such as:
Getting infected by cholera can be prevented if certain measures are adhered to. These steps to follow are not so difficult to follow and some involve a slight change in eating habits.
A vaccine for cholera is out the, but the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have a laid down-regulation on who should get the vaccine.
Irrespective of the vaccine, there are treatment or management plans for curing cholera (Yes, cholera is totally curable). Treatment like; Antibiotic use, fluid therapy, and electrolyte replacement. These treatments can be specific and tailored to one or more patients. Having a consultation with a doctor can help in establishing the best treatment for you.
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