Diabetes mellitus is a disease that results from the body’s inability to digest and assimilate glucose leading to elevated levels of glucose in the blood and urine.
Type of diabetes mellitus
There are some types of diabetes with 2 commonly known to people existing across the pool of diabetic patients.
Type 1 diabetes: Also known as juvenile diabetes is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body’s cells use glucose for energy. Glucose gotten from food is passed from blood to cell with the aid of insulin. In type 1 diabetes, the body can’t process glucose due to the absence of insulin. Glucose from food that could not advance into the cell remains in the blood. This leaves an excess of glucose in the blood. High glucose levels in the blood can prompt both present moment and long-term health issues.
Symptoms and signs of type 1 diabetes
Causes of type 1 diabetes
An auto-immune disease which leads to chronic insulin insufficiency and long term dependence on iatrogenic insulin.
Diagnoses of type 1 diabetes
There are series of tests that can be used to diagnose the diseases. Type 1 diabetes sometimes develops quickly and patients are diagnosed accordingly.
Risk factors for type 1 diabetes
Certain variables increase a person's chances of developing the disease.
If diagnosed with the condition, it becomes clear you will need a regulated dose of insulin as your body (pancreas) can’t produce the required level of insulin for processing glucose. Insulin will be administered through injections as prescribed by a doctor.
Type 2 diabetes: Formerly known as adult-onset diabetes, it is a long-lasting disease that holds your body back from using insulin in the manner in which it’s meant to. Type 2 diabetic patients are resistant to insulin. Middle-aged and older people are at risk of getting this type of diabetes. Teenagers and children can also be type 2 diabetic.
Symptoms and signs of type 2 diabetes
The symptoms are not so different from type 1 diabetes. Also, symptoms tend to be so light that it becomes unnoticeable. Symptoms are:
Causes of type 2 diabetes
Insulin made by the beta cells in the pancreas is enough but not utilized well by the needed cells. The pancreas makes more insulin in a bid to push the glucose into the cells but fails in the attempt. A high build-up of glucose is present in the blood. Insulin resistance is in effect. A lot of things can cause insulin resistance:
Type 2 diabetes risk factors
As established with type 1 diabetes, some variables increase the chances of getting down with type 2 diabetes. Variables such as
Type 2 diabetes diagnosis
One or more tests may be needed in some cases, but having many symptoms may require one test.
Type 2 diabetic complication
Excess sugar in the blood can cause severe damage to the body, internally and externally.
The best way to avoid these complications is to prevent them, and in the case, you can’t prevent them, proper management becomes the best alternative.
Treatment and management of type 2 diabetes
Management of type 2 diabetes would require a combination of medication and a change of lifestyle.
Treating of superimposed infections.
Exercise: Proper exercise every day is needed.
Weight loss: Reducing weight is detrimental to proper management. It might seem daunting but cutting down and limiting intake on certain food might help. Gradually, exercise should be introduced to aid in weight loss. Dieting plays a major role here. Reaching out to a dietician will be of immense help.
Healthy eating: Eating more vegetables and fruits, fibers, and relaxing high calories or processed carbs comes highly recommended. In some cases, certain fruits will be advised to be avoided.
Constant or regulated monitoring of blood sugar levels will give you a progress report and help in considering other measures for proper management.
If you are a diabetic patient, you can consult with our doctor for proper management and treatment of diabetes. Call or send a WhatsApp message to, 08081111121 to book a consultation. Within the environs of Abuja, our doctor can visit you for a home consultation.
Know your sugar level from a fasting blood glucose test.