Gynecology is a branch of the medical discipline that deals with the health of the female reproductive system. A gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in the field of gynecology. These types of medical doctors tackle a broad range of female reproductive issues such as menstruation, fertility, sexually transmitted infections, and also deal with pregnancy and childbirth. Some gynecologists tend to get trained in obstetrics. This enables them to handle issues related to pregnancy and childbirth.
To become a gynecologist, he or she must go through medical school for the required duration as stipulated and then go on to specialize in the field of gynecology.
Why you Need to See a Gynecologist
As a lady, a routine health checkup is always advisable. It can help prevent certain ailments that could be terminal or leave you in a worse state in the future. Going to a family doctor is a good and the first step you might take. But for some conditions surrounding the female reproductive system, the doctor will refer you to a gynecologist for further diagnosis, test, and treatment. But in a situation you have a sudden or worse symptom such as vulva, pelvic, vaginal, etc. pain, abnormal bleeding, or irregular period, it will be recommended to see a gynecologist as soon as possible. Apart from diagnosing, they also treat conditions such as:
- Sexually transmitted Infections (STIs)
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
- Partial or complete loss of bladder control
- Breast disorders and vulvar and vaginal ulcers
- Cancers in the reproductive parts
- Childbirth issues (pregnancy, fertility, menstruation, menopause, etc.)
- Sexual dysfunction
- Inflammatory diseases in the pelvic
What to Expect From a Gynecologist
Expectations will be dependent on the reason you are going there. For a general or annual routine checkup, he or she will examine your reproductive system internally and externally. They will check regions of the system that are prone to cancer for any non-cancerous, pre-cancerous, and cancerous cells. A diagnosis of such contain both physical examination and medical tests.
Physical examination: Results from a physical examination will be on what they can detect with their eyes. This goes both ways. That is, they can inspect the external system and also see what’s going on the inside. In an instant they want to conduct a pelvic exam, the doctor will use a speculum to view the inside of the vagina and also look at the cervix. The doctor might also insert a finger in a glove into your rectum to check for any issues.
Medical test: Physical examinations in most cases are never enough to offer a full diagnosis. Yes, it might detect certain abnormalities, but to better understand the abnormalities, a certain test will be carried out to determine or check for things like infection and its type, cancer, and its stage and also to provide the best treatment plan for the patient. Tests like:
- Pap smear
- Microscopic examination of the cervix
- Using an endoscope to see into the uterus
- Test for STI (HIV, syphilis, human papilloma, genital herpes, gonorrhhoea, chlamydia, etc.)
- Female hormonal profile
- Other blood testsas required
When you decide to visit a gynecologist, it is important you are honest with him or her about what you tell them and answers to the questions they will ask. Below are things you should do before and during a visit:
- Waxing or shaving before a visit is not needed.
- Avoid sexual activities and use tampons for 2 days prior to a visit.
- Give detailed and honest information about your lifestyle and health.
After diagnosis, what follows is either treatment or a referral to a specialist for more insights, further diagnosis, or and treatment. Treatment may include wait-and-see, medication, or surgery. Never follow the route of self-medication or getting advice from a friend on how to go about treatment. The female reproductive system and other parts of the body associated with it is a delicate system. A lot needs to be understood before treatment can commence.
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