Kidney Stone Types, Symptoms and Treatments

Kidney Stone- Types, Symptoms and Treatments

Kidney Stone Types, Symptoms and Treatments

Published on Sep 23, 2020

Stones are hard deposits made of minerals & stones that can be present in your body parts like kidney, bladder, prostate gland, gallbladder, salivary glands, and pancreas. Every stone has different in size, bigger the stone more the pain & discomfort you will feel.

Kidney Stone is one of the dangerous situations because the minerals that form stones in your kidney may occur in the urine and while urinating it can cause problems like severe pain and sometimes blood can be seen. The main cause of kidney stones includes excess body weight, several medical conditions, supplements, and some medications. Stones can also be formed when urine is concentrated and make crystals from minerals and those crystals become stones.

When anyone experiences a kidney stone, severe pain can be felt anytime. The cause of kidney stones depends on the type of stones. The doctor recommends medication and water as much as you can drink so that stone can be thrown out with the urine. If there is a chance of redevelopment of stones in your body, doctor may recommend treatment so that you cannot get into the situation again because the recreation of stone can be dangerous.

What are the symptoms of kidney stones?

The small size stones normally didn’t show any symptoms until it moves into the ureter (tube in which urine travel through from the kidney to bladder). Kidney stones give breathtaking pain. In some cases, stone develops and passes on their own without any medication or treatment, and sometimes you didn’t get the idea that you have stone and stone pass away without creating any pain or a normal pain that you don’t notice or leave think of just normal pain.

Kidney stone pain can be painful as child birth in some cases. “According to some of the experts, a stone can cause severe pain that is intense enough to account for more than 1 million visits to emergency rooms each year.”

When stone travels through a narrow ureter the mild pain starts and it increases this procedure makes a blockage that results in building up pressure in the kidney. Then this pressure creates a procedure in which it activates nerve fiber that sends the pain signal to the brain.

You can experience the pain on your back, belly, or the side below the ribs. It starts suddenly and increases as the stone moves from one location to another.

You can also feel pain while urinating when stone reaches between the bladder and ureter, sometimes blood can become out with urine. The pain while urination is breathtaking like someone burns the living body. Doctors say that sometimes infection takes place with the stones. Going bathroom more frequently than normal can be a sign of stone in the lower part of the urinary tract. But sometimes it can be a urinary tract infection sign.

What are the causes and risk factors of kidney stones?

  1. You had kidney stones in past
  2. Severe pain in groin
  3. Your parents has had kidney stones
  4. Don’t drink enough water
  5. You are on a strong diet
  6. Heavy body weight
  7. Had an intestinal surgery for eg. gastric bypass surgery
  8. Having any kidney disease
  9. You are on a medication of water pills or antacids

Types of kidney stones

  • Calcium oxalate

Calcium oxalate is the most common kidney stone found in the kidney. This happens when urine contains a low level of citrate and a high level of uric acid or calcium. Foods that are high in oxalate include beets, black tea, chocolate, nuts, potatoes, & spinach.


  • Calcium phosphate stones

When the urine system doesn’t work properly there is a chance of calcium phosphate stones. To find out a doctor may do some urine test and blood test at home to determine the problem.

  • Struvite stones

Struvite stones can be formed because of sometime of urinary tract infection. These stones grow quickly and in some cases, they can occupy the kidney. Struvite stones are mostly found in women and if not treated it can cause kidney damage.

  • Uric acid stones

Uric acid stones form in the persons who don’t drink enough water, also in those who are on a high animal protein diet. These stones are commonly found in men and in those who have diabetes or metabolic syndrome.

  • Cystine stones

Cystine stones are made of Cystine chemical that is a product of the cystinuria condition. Cystinuria causes damage to kidneys, and then the kidney start exudes a specific amino acid.

What are the treatments for kidney stones?

Kidney stone treatment depends on the size of the stone, what type of stone it is, and where it is at the present whether in the urinary tract or anywhere. But first, it’s time to diagnosing kidney stones and to check where it is, how much big it is, and what type of stone it is then the doctor will start the rest of the treatment process. You can also go for the blood test at home.

After Diagnosing kidney stone if the doctor found a small one then he may give you painkillers, also suggest you drink lots of liquid drinks so that stone will come out through your urinary tract.

Shockwave lithotripsy is suggested when a stone is bigger, in it doctors will break that stone into pieces, and then those small pieces will pass through urinary tract with your urine.

A treatment called ureteroscopy can be chosen in which doctors use long tube-shaped equipment and break the stone into pieces with the help of a laser in the case of big stone, the small pieces will come out through urinary tract. If the stone is small then your doctor will easily able to remove it with that equipment.

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Surjen health care service provides best medical health care facility and treatment for every disease from experienced doctors & surgeons. We also provide affordable surgery packages for all diseases. You can also go to the medical tourism package in Nigeria. We have several options from which you can choose according to your budget.

A kidney stone is a very serious disease if not treated soon or left untreated it can cause loss of kidney functioning. So, if you feel any of the mentioned symptoms. Book Doctor Consultation Services in Nigeria for the fastest treatment from the best doctors andsurgeons.