Everything You need to know about Monkey Pox Disease.
As the world is still battling the COVID-19 pandemic, which has claimed millions of lives since its outbreak in December 2019. There's also another Disease, which is currently spreading across the world now. And the disease is known as Monkeypox.
What is Monkeypox, and what are its Signs and symptoms? And how can it be prevented?
About Monkey Pox Disease
Well, Monkeypox is an infectious disease that is caused by the monkeypox virus. The Monkeypox virus can be categorized under the Orthopoxvirus genus which is found in the family Poxviridae.
And the Orthopoxvirus genus involves variola virus, vaccinia virus, and cowpox virus as well. Monkeypox disease was first discovered in the year 1958, and this was when the pox-like disease occurred in colonies of monkeys kept for research, which brings about the name ‘monkeypox.’
However, it was in 1970 that monkeypox disease was first discovered in a human, which occurred in the Congo Republic. And ever since then, monkeypox patients have been discovered in several other African countries, including Nigeria and Ghana. But the rate of Monkeypox infection has been increasingly reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Transmission Process
Just like some other viruses, the Monkeypox virus can be spread through direct contact with an infected animal or human.
For pregnant women, Monkeypox can pass through the placenta of a pregnant woman to the unborn child.
It can also be spread through the bite or scratch of an infected animal. Monkeypox virus could also be through having direct contact with the infected person's body fluids (saliva, blood, or sweat) or sores. According to the CDC, the Monkeypox virus primarily spreads among people plow have direct contact with infectious sores or body fluids.
And also through intimate contact with the infected person, such as during sex, kissing, cuddling, or touching parts of the body with monkeypox sores. But it is not yet known if the virus can spread through men's semen or women's vaginal fluids.
Signs and Symptoms of Monkeypox
Reports showed that the symptoms of the Monkeypox virus in humans are similar to that of smallpox.
And the symptoms begin with fever, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. But the main contrast between symptoms of smallpox and monkeypox virus is that smallpox doesn't cause lymph nodes to swell while Monkeypox causes that. The incubation period, starting from the time the infection occurred in the body for monkeypox virus is usually 7-14 days but in some cases, it can also be between 5?21 days. And it time duration of the illness on the infected person typically lasts for 2?4 weeks.
How to Prevent Monkeypox Disease
The following are the preventive measures to take :
1. By Avoiding direct contact with animals that could have the virus, or Animals that are sick.
2. You should avoid any contact with any materials, such as beds, that an infected person has used before.
3. You need to Isolate infected patients from others who could be at risk of contracting the infection.
4. Generally, good hand washing hygiene or Usage of acholic-based hand sanitizer after contact with infected animals or humans, are also important.
5. Lastly, those taking care of the infected patients, need to use personal protective equipment (PPE).