Plastic Surgery Overview

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Plastic Surgery Overview

Published on Mar 24, 2022

Introduction

In the case of a fire accident or accident that destroys the human skin or tissue, plastic surgery will be used to treat and repair the damaged skin or tissue. The outcome of the procedure at times won’t be close to the normal appearance.

Also, in a scenario where an individual feels he or she does not need to work out to reduce the amount of tummy fat, plastic surgery can be used to achieve a certain outcome based on certain conditions.

 

What is Plastic Surgery?

Plastic surgery is a procedure that is used to repair, reconstruct or alter the human body. It is divided into 2 main types; reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery.

 

Categories of Plastic Surgery

Reconstructive Surgery

The purpose of this type of plastic surgery is to restore the body's skin or tissue after an injury, disease, or defect from childbirth.

 

Application of Reconstructive Surgery

Its application can be classified into 3 cases, as listed below:

  • Injuries resulting from fire accidents or other injuries that affect the skin.
  • Tissues damaged by cancer or other diseases.
  • Defects or birthmarks that have existed from childbirth.

 

Reconstructive Surgery Techniques

Depending on the case above involved, several techniques are used by the surgeon to achieve the desired result. In some cases, it can be a combination of techniques. These techniques are:

  • Skin grafts: A patch of skin that is surgically removed from one part of the body and transplanted to another.
  • Skin flap surgery: It involves the transfer of a living piece of tissue, as well as the blood arteries that keep it alive, from one place of the body to another.
  • Tissue expansion: a treatment that encourages the creation of healthy extra skin that can be utilized to replace damaged skin.
  • Fat transfer or grafting: It is the act of removing fatty tissue from one part of the body and re-implanting it in another part of the body, usually the thighs, hips, belly, or buttocks.
  • Vacuum closure: Suction is applied to a wound using a sterile piece of foam or gauze to pull out fluid and promote healing.
  • Prosthetic devices: An artificial device that is used to replace a missing part of the body. 

 

Risk of Reconstructive Surgery

The risks can be particular to the technique used by the surgeon. But the general risks are:

  • Scarring
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Pain in the affected areas
  • General pain and discomfort

 

Cosmetic Surgery

It is a type of plastic surgery used to improve the appearance of the part in question or the person. Surgical procedures are available for so many parts of the body. The outcomes are permanent, and it is important that a good surgeon and hospital is used.

Before cosmetic surgery of any kind is done, the surgeon might advise the patient to undergo counseling. The counseling aims to seek out underlying issues that the surgery will not fix or detect if the patient is exhibiting symptoms of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). 

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD): This is a mental health condition where a person spends a lot of time worrying about flaws in their appearance. These flaws are often unnoticeable to others. (NHS, UK)

 

Types of Cosmetic Surgery

There are so many types of cosmetic surgery. Some are listed below:

 

Cosmetic Surgery Complications

Due to the types of cosmetic surgery, complications vary. But certain complications are general to noticed across the various types, such as:

  • Pain
  • Visual imbalance
  • Stroke

 

Plastic Surgery Considerations

It is vital that for whatever type of plastic surgery you want to undergo that you choose a good surgeon that has the experience and success in that field of surgery. The outcomes, either good or bad, can be permanent and leave little chance for corrective measures. 

 

Reference

Cosmetic surgery: What you should know

Overview Plastic surgery

Google Review