Prostate Cancer (Treatment, Symptoms and Causes)

Prostate Cancer (Treatment, Symptoms and Causes), Where to treat Prostate cancer, causes of Prostate cancer, Types of Prostate cancer, what is Prostate cancer, Treatment for Prostate cancer, learn about Prostate cancer, how to detect Prostate cancer
Published on Dec 10, 2021

Affecting more than 100,000 Nigerians per year, prostate cancer is a common type of cancer unique to men. Prostate cancer is found in a man’s prostate. The prostate is an organ that produces the seminal fluid that enriches and moves the sperm. Prostate cancer is an uncontrolled growth of cells in the prostate gland. The gland is found underneath the bladder and is about the size of a kola nut.


The Dangers of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer has the ability to grow rapidly and spread to nearby organs and bones thereby causing pins and broken bones. Also, since the gland responsible for enriching and moving sperm is affected by cancer, erectile dysfunction is a result that will be faced by most men. Treatments for prostate cancer can also cause erectile dysfunction. This blows a major blow to the man as his semen can’t adequately fertilize an egg. The partial or complete loss of bladder control is one of the dangers associated with prostate cancer.


Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

During the early stages, symptoms are barely noticeable. While symptoms can be observed at the early stage, patients in the advanced stage tend to see more symptoms. Symptoms such as;

  • Difficulty urinating
  • Difficulty ejaculating
  • Painful urination or ejaculation
  • Blood in the urine and semen.
  • Bone pain
  • Loss of weight or appetite


Causes and Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer

Science is still yet to determine the causes for this type of cancer. Regardless of the causes, there are some risk factors that aggravate the disease.

Sex: Men are at risk of getting the disease. It is extremely rare for women to have prostate cancer. It is so rare that it accounts for 0.003% of female genital cancers. Prostate cancer is the second most common type of cancer in men.

Age: As a man, the older you get, the likely the chance you stand of getting the disease. Men below the age of 45 rarely get the disease. 45 years and above are at high risk.

Ethnicity: Blacks are more affected by this condition than any other race. Coming in second place are the whites. Asian and Hispanic men are not so prone to the condition. Black men are likely to develop the condition at an early age with more aggressive tumors that metastasize 

and cause death.

Family History: A man with relatives that had or have the condition is most likely to get the disease. The risk of getting it increases with the number of relatives that had or have it.

Smoking and Diet: Age is a major risk factor, but smoking and obesity are linked to death with prostate cancer.


Diagnosis and Detection of Prostate Cancer

If you have a family history of prostate cancer, a black, or between the age of 45 and 69, it is advisable to undergo a test to detect cancer. As earlier mentioned, blacks are at risk of developing the condition below the high-risk age zone and so can undergo the same screening as the others. There are screenings and tests that can be done to detect the disease.

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA): This blood test is done to measure the level of PSA in the blood. A low PSA level means a healthy prostate, and a high PSA means an unhealthy prostate. Prostate cancers are a result of high PSA levels, but high PSA levels do not suggest prostate cancer. An enlarged prostate can also cause increased PSA levels.

Biopsy: A minor surgery where tissues are removed from the prostate and checked under a microscope to look for cancer cells. This procedure will be done after a PSA test has been done with high levels of PSA.



Levels or stages are indicative of the quantity and severity of any form of cancer. In prostate cancer, there are four stages:

Stage 1: Cancer is present only in the prostate gland

Stage 2:  PSA levels are very high but have not spread to other organs.

Stage 3: Cancer has spread to organs nearby.

Stage 4: The condition has spread to farther parts of the body.


Treatment of Prostate Cancer

Early detection is the best way to start treatment. Treatment will come in various forms and will be dependent on the stage at which cancer has gotten to. The treatments can also have side effects. These treatments are:

  1. Watchful waiting or active surveillance
  2. Surgery
  3. Radiation therapy
  4. Hormone therapy
  5. Chemotherapy
  6. Targeted therapy
  7. Immunotherapy
  8. Bisphosphonate therapy.


When in doubt, you notice symptoms, have a family history of prostate cancer or are in the age risk zone, you can consult with our doctor when you call 080 8111 1121. Early screening is the best chance against prostate cancer. You can also book a PSA blood test by contacting the same number above.


You can book for a prostrate removal surgery  with surjen healthcare. Click here to know more.


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