As humans, blood is needed to keep us alive. Blood is the carrier of oxygen and nutrients to all the parts of the body. As much as blood is a necessity for living, there are individuals that eventually run short on the supply of blood. It could be as a result of an accident, an illness (e.g. anemia, myelodysplastic syndrome) etc. Individuals undergoing surgery are also recipients of blood transfusion.
Said individuals are in need of an urgent supply of blood. This is where blood banks come in.
As the name implies, a blood bank is a place where blood is stored. Blood samples are collected from donors, analyzed and separated into components. They are then stored and prepared for transfusion to the recipients. A blood bank can either be a separate building facility or part of a laboratory in a hospital.
All groups (i.e genotype and blood groups) are present in the blood bank. Separation of blood is the first step been carried out before the storage of blood. Each donated unit of blood is been separated into their multiple components. Red blood cells, plasma and platelets are the components. Individuals in need of blood have different needs that has to be met.
APHRESIS is a common blood bank procedure. Specific components of the blood (i.e platelets) is been removed and the remaining components (plasma and red blood cells) are returned. This process is employed so as to enable the use of one particular part of the blood collected.
It is good to note that collection of blood is done alongside proper screening and testing. Blood collected from donors are tested for the ABO blood group type and Rh type (positive or negative). They are also tested for unexpected red blood cell antibodies.
Some donors can be infected with viruses like HIV 1 & 2, Hepatitis B & C and VDRL. This is why proper screening tests are carried out. Blood collected from donors are stored by separating into several components. For red blood cells, they are usually stored under refrigeration for a maximum of 42 days and they could be frozen for up to 10 years. Platelets are stored at room temperature and may be kept for a maximum of 5 days. Plasma are stored frozen, for up to 1 year.
In Nigeria, there is an increase in demand for blood in recent times and lack of information on how to gain access the limited supply of blood hence, Surjen Health care has taken up the responsibility to meet these demands for medical emergencies, surgical procedures and blood transfusion through her digital platform, it gets as convenient as it could be by calling 08081111121 or visit www.surjen.com to request for a blood bag from our trusted blood banks.