DOWN SYNDROME TEST
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No any specified preparation needed
What are Down Syndrome tests?
Down Syndrome is a disorder that causes rational disability, unmistakable physical features, and different medical issues. These may comprise of heart problem, hearing disorder, and thyroid illness. Down Syndrome is a kind of chromosome issue.
Chromosomes are the parts of your cells that contain your genes. Genes are portions of DNA transfer from your mom and father. They convey information that ascertain your specific trait, for example, stature and eye color.
Human beings ordinarily have 46 chromosomes, isolated into 23 sets, in every cell.
One of each pair of chromosomes originates from your mom, and the other pair originates from your dad.
In Down Syndrome, there is an additional duplicate of chromosome 21.
The additional chromosome changes the manner in which the body and brain develop.
Down Syndrome screening tests show whether your unborn child is bound to have Down Syndrome. Other kinds of tests affirm or disqualify the diagnosis.
What are the tests used for?
Down syndrome tests are used to screen for or analyze Down Syndrome. Down Syndrome screening tests have almost no hazard to you or your infant, however they can't let you know without a doubt whether your child has Down Syndrome.
Diagnostic assessments throughout pregnancy can affirm or rule out a diagnosis, but the assessments have a small chance of inflicting a miscarriage.
For what reason do I need a Down Syndrome test?
A lot of healthcare practitioner prescribe Down syndrome screening or potentially analytic tests for pregnant ladies who are 35 years old or more. A mother's age is the essential hazard factor for having a child with Down syndrome. The hazard increments as a lady gets more older. In any case, you may likewise be at higher risk in the event that you've just had an infant with Down syndrome or potentially have a family ancestry of the syndrome.
What are the various kinds of Down syndrome tests?
There are two fundamental types of Down syndrome tests: screening and diagnostic tests.
Down syndrome screening comprises of these under listed tests done during pregnancy:
First trimesterscreening comprises a blood test that checks the degrees of specific proteins in the mother's blood. In the event that levels are not normal, it implies there is a higher possibility of the infant having Down syndrome. The screening likewise comprises an ultrasound, an imaging test that takes a look at the unborn child for indications of Down syndrome. The test is done between the tenth and fourteenth week of pregnancy.
Second trimesterscreening. These are blood tests that likewise search for specific substances in the mother's blood that might be an indication of Down syndrome. A triple screen test searches for three unique substances. It is done between the sixteenth and eighteenth week of pregnancy. A fourfold screen test searches for four distinct substances and is done between the fifteenth and twentieth weeks of pregnancy. Your supplier may arrange either of these tests.
On the off chance that your Down syndrome screening shows a higher possibility of Down syndrome, you might want to have a diagnostic test to affirm or rule out an analysis.
Down syndrome indicative tests done during pregnancy include:
Amniocentesis, which takes a sample of amniotic liquid, the liquid that encompasses your unborn infant. It is typically done between the fifteenth and twentieth weeks of pregnancy.
Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS), which takes a sample from the placenta, the organ that sustains your unborn infant in your uterus. It's normally done between the tenth and thirteenth week of pregnancy.
Percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS),which takes a blood test from the umbilical line. Bars gives the most exact conclusion of Down syndrome during pregnancy, however it isn't possible until late in pregnancy, between the eighteenth and 22nd week.
Down syndrome determination after birth:
Your infant may get a blood test that takes a look at their chromosomes. This test will let you know without a doubt whether your infant has Down syndrome.
What occurs during Down syndrome testing?
During a blood test, a healthcare provider will take a blood test from a vein in your arm, utilizing a little needle. After the needle is embedded, a modest quantity of blood will be gathered into a test cylinder or vial. You may feel a bit of sting when the needle goes in or out. This normally takes under five minutes.
For the primary trimester ultrasound, a healthcare provider will move a ultrasound device over your midriff. The device utilizes sound waves to take a look at your unborn infant. Your Healthcare provider will check for thickness at the rear of your infant's neck, which is an indication of Down syndrome.
Will I need any special preparation to plan for the tests?
There are no exceptional arrangements required for Down syndrome testing. Howeevr, you should converse with your healthcare provider about the dangers and advantages of testing.
Are there any dangers to the tests?
There is no danger to having a blood test or ultrasound. After a blood test, you may have slight pain or wounding at the spot where the needle was placed in, however most side effects leave rapidly.
What do the test results (outcomes) mean?
Down syndrome screening results can possibly appear in the event that you have a higher danger of having an infant with Down syndrome, however they can't let you know without a doubt if your infant has Down syndrome You may have results that are not ordinary, yet at the same time convey a healthy child with no chromosomal deformities or clutters.
On the off chance that your Down syndrome screening results were not normal, you may decide to have at least one diagnostic tests.
: The information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by Surjen.com.
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