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Endoscopy Endoscopy

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What is an endoscopy?

An endoscopy is a process in which your doctor makes use of specialized instrument to view and operate on the internal organs and vessels of your body. It permits surgeons to see the problems inside your body without making big incisions.

A surgeon inserts an endoscope through a tiny cut or an opening in the body such as the mouth. An endoscope is a flexible tube with an attached camera that permits your doctor to see.

Why do I require an endoscopy?

Endoscopy permits your doctor to visually study an organ without having to make a big incision. A screen in the operating room allows the doctor see precisely what the endoscope sees.

Endoscopy is commonly used to:

Assist your doctor ascertain the reason of any abdominal symptoms you’re having remove a tiny sample of tissue, which can then be taken to a lab for further testing; this is referred to as an endoscopic biopsy

Assist your doctor see inside the body at the time of a surgical procedure, such as repairing a stomach ulcer, or taking away of gallstones or tumors

Your doctor may order an endoscopy if you’re having symptoms of any of the these conditions:

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease

Stomach Ulcer

Chronic Constipation



Unusual Vaginal Bleeding

Blood in your urine

Other Digestive Tract Issues

Unexplained Bleeding in the Digestive Tract



Blockage of the esophagus

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Hiatal Hernia

Your doctor will evaluation your symptoms, carry out a physical assessment, and maybe order some blood exams before an endoscopy. These tests will assist your doctor get a more precise perception of the probable cause of your symptoms. These tests may as well assist them know if the problems can be treated without having to do endoscopy or surgery.

How do I prepare for an endoscopy?

Your doctor will tell you what all you need to know on how to prepare. Most types of endoscopy require you to stay away from strong food for up to 12 hours prior to the procedure. Some kind of clear liquids, such as water or juice, may be allowed for up to two hours to the procedure. Your doctor will shed light on this with you.

Your doctor may provide you laxatives or enemas to use the night to your procedure to clear your system. This is normal in procedures that have to do with the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and the anus.

Before the endoscopy, your doctor will do a physical examination and study your entire medical history, along with any prior surgeries.

Make sure you tell your doctor about any medicines you’re taking, together with over-the-counter drugs and nutritional supplements. Also alert your medical doctor about any allergic reactions you might have. You may need to avoid taking certain medicines if they may affect bleeding, especially anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs.

You may as well plan for someone to drive you home after the process due to the fact you might feel drowsy from the anesthesia.

What are the types of endoscopy?

Endoscopies fall into categories, primarily based on the location of the body that they investigate.


Area examined

Where scope is inserted

Doctors who typically perform the surgery



through a small incision near the examined joint

Orthopedic Surgeon



into the nose or mouth

pulmonologist or thoracic surgeon



through the anus

gastroenterologist or proctologist



through the urethra



Small intestine

through the mouth or anus



inside of the uterus

through the vagina

gynecologist or gynecological surgeons


Abdominal or pelvic area

through a small incision near the examined area

various types of surgeons



through the mouth or nostril

 Otolaryngologist referred as an ear(E), nose(N), and throat(T) (ENT) doctor


mediastinum, the area

between the lungs

through an incision above the breastbone

thoracic surgeon


rectum and the lower part of the large intestine, referred to as the sigmoid colon

into the anus

Gastroenterologist or   proctologist

thoracoscopy, also referred to as a pleuroscopy

area between the lungs and the chest wall

through a small incision in the chest

pulmonologist or thoracic surgeon

upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, also known to as an esophagogastroduodenoscopy

 Esophagus & upper intestinal tract

through the mouth




through urethra


What are the dangers of an endoscopy?

Endoscopy has a much less danger of bleeding and infection than open surgery. Still, endoscopy is a medical procedure, so it has some danger of bleeding, infection, and different unusual complications such as:

Chest pain
Damage to your organs, such as feasible perforation
Persistent ache at the place of the endoscopy
Redness and swelling at the incision site

What takes place after an endoscopy?

Most endoscopies are outpatient procedures. This implies that you can go home the same day.

Your medical doctor will cover incision wounds with stitches and bandage them immediately after the procedure. Your doctor will tell you all you need to know on how to care for this wound on your own.

Afterward, you’ll possibly have to wait for one to two hours in the clinic for the effect of the sedation to go away. Once you get home, rest throughout the day.

If your doctor suspects a cancerous growth, they’ll carry out a biopsy at the time of your endoscopy. The outcomes or results will take a few days. Your doctor will discuss the effects with you after they get them from the laboratory.


Disclaimer: The information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by


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