FASTING GLUCOSE BLOOD TEST
You will provide
This test is for both
Do not to take or drink something besides water for 8-12 hours before the test.
What is FBG (Fasting Blood Glucose)?
The Fasting Blood Glucose Test is done to measure the degrees of glucose in the blood after a time of fasting. This test is done to screen and analyze prediabetes and diabetes.
For what reason is FBG (Fasting Blood Glucose) done?
The Fasting Blood Glucose Test is done to:
· Detect diabetes mellitus
· Screen for high glucose in nearness of hazard elements of Diabetes
· Detect diabetes during pregnancy or gestational diabetes
· Monitor treatment viability in patients experiencing treatment for diabetes
What does FBG (Fasting Blood Glucose) Measure?
Glucose - Fasting Blood Test is done to quantify the degrees of glucose in blood during time of fasting.
Glucose is the primary source of vitality for body. Starches devoured in the eating regimen are separated in the body to glucose, which is consumed by the digestive organs and moved by the blood to different organs. The cells of these organs use the glucose to create vitality when required and the abundance is put away either as glycogen in the liver for momentary stockpiling or in fat tissues as triglycerides for long time storage. The take-up, usage, and capacity of glucose after it is invested in the digestive organs are encouraged by the hormone-insulin which is emitted by the pancreas. Insulin impacts the vehicle of glucose to the organs like heart, mind, working muscles, and so forth. It additionally coordinates stockpiling of abundance glucose. The activity of insulin diminishes sugar levels in the blood.
After a feast, sugar levels increment in blood and insulin is emitted in light of decrease sugar levels until it gets normal. On the off chance that glucose levels fall excessively low in blood, another pancreatic hormone called glucagon is discharged, which guides the liver to change over put away glycogen into glucose and discharges it into the blood. The insulin and glucagon hormones make a complex system to keep blood glucose levels inside the acceptable range. An abnormality in their movement causes an abundance or lack of glucose.
Glucose - Fasting blood Test assists with deciding whether the body can use or store glucose proficiently. Significant level of sugar in blood demonstrates diabetes or protection from insulin.
Type 1 Diabetes is caused when insulin isn't created by pancreas or delivered into the blood.
Type 2 Diabetes is caused when insulin created isn't used successfully by the body. In both these cases, glucose level elevates, while cells are denied of it.
INTERPRETING FBG (FASTING BLOOD GLUCOSE) RESULTS
Normal fasting glucoselevel: 70 to 99 mg/dL (3.9 to 5.5mmol/L)
Prediabetes: 99 to 126 mg/dL (5.5mmol/L to 7.0mmol/L)
Diabetes: Higher than 126 mg/dL (7.0mmol/L) in different ensuing tests
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQS)
Q. What is Hyperglycemia?
Hyperglycemia indicates to a condition where the blood glucose level is over the typical range. This condition may cause prediabetics or diabetics critical medical issues.
Q. What are the side effects of Hyperglycemia?
Side effects of Hyperglycemia include: Increased thirst, visit inclination to pee, shortcoming, tiredness (weakness), obscuring of vision and moderate injury mending.
Q. What is Hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia is when the glucose falls beneath typical levels.
Q. What are the indications of Hypoglycemia?
Side effects of Hypoglycemia include: Excessive perspiring, food craving, shuddering or trembling, perplexity and obscuring of vision.
Q. What are the risk factors for Diabetes?
Diabetes can be brought about by different reasons. The most widely recognized hazard factors for diabetes incorporate being fat or overweight with low physical action, having a blood relative determined to have Diabetes, or having been determined to have hypertension.
Q. Is there any planning required before the test?
Let the specialist know about the prescriptions you might be taking. No other explicit arrangements are typically required before this test except fasting for 8-12hrs.
Q. Will factors other than hormones and diet influence my glucose levels?
Indeed, glucose levels can be stretched by specific prescriptions, during pregnancy, and even incidentally because of stress.
Q. What different tests can be recommended by your doctor to confirm diabetes?
Extra tests that might be recommended to analyze diabetes if there should arise an occurrence of anomalous fasting blood glucose test result are: Urine Glucose Test, Blood Glucose - Post prandial (PP), Random Blood Glucose Test, Glycosylated Hemoglobin Test or HbA1c Test and Oral Glucose Tolerance Test.
Q. How is the blood test taken?
The healthcare practitioner takes a blood test from the arm. The site from where the blood is to be pulled back is cleaned with a swab of scouring liquor. This is then trailed by embeddings a little needle which has a cylinder connected to it for gathering blood. When the adequate blood for investigation is pulled back, the needle is expelled. The site is then secured with a cloth cushion.
Q. Is there any hazard related with the withdrawal of blood test system?
In that capacity there is no hazard yet in not many cases, wounding, outflow of blood and contamination at the cut site can be seen. In not many cases, there can be swelling of the vein after the blood is pulled out.
Q. What are the regular complexities of diabetes among Nigerians?
Diabetes causes an expansion in glucose levels. Elevated sugar levels, if not controlled, can make serious harm of the muscles and nerves. Some basic issues of uncontrolled diabetes among Nigerians incorporate heart maladies like coronary course infection, cardiovascular failure, diabetic retinopathy (harm to the retina) which may cause visual impairment, diabetic neuropathy (harm to the nerves) at different pieces of the body. It might likewise cause diabetic nephropathy (harm to the kidneys) bringing about constant loss of kidney capacity and diabetic foot which can cause foot ulcers that may turn gangrenous. Aside from these, uncontrolled diabetes may likewise prompt other serious conditions like hearing weakness, various skin conditions, and may even prompt death.
: The information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by Surjen.com.