FOLIC ACID TEST (VITAMIN B9)
You will provide
This test is for both
Do not consume or drink anything other than water for 8-12 hours prior to the test.
What is Vitamin B9?
Vitamin B9 test is as well referred to as folate test as another name for Vitamin B9 is folate. This test assists to diagnose the cause of anemia or neuropathy. Also, it assesses the nutritional level of the affected person and observes the effectiveness of folate deficiency treatment.
For what reason is Vitamin B9 performed?
When you have an unusual complete blood count together with blood smear showing huge blood cells or unusual neutrophils
In situation where there are signs and symptoms of anemia such as weakness, tiredness, and pale skin
In situation where there are symptoms of neuropathy such as tingling or itching sensations, eye twitching, memory loss, and distorted mental status
To observe the treatment of vitamin b9 deficiency
What does Vitamin B9 Measure?
The Vitamin B9 test measures the ranges of Vitamin B9 in the blood. Vitamin B9 also referred to as folate is a part of the B complex of vitamins. It is essential for the formation of everyday red blood cells, tissue and cell repair and synthesis of DNA. This vitamin can't be generated in the body, and therefore it has to be taken in the diet.
Folate is the naturally existing form of the vitamin, whereas folic acid is referred to as a supplement which is included to food and drinks. This vitamin is seen in food sources such as green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, peas, dry beans, yeast, and liver. Away from these food sources, Vitamin B9 can be gotten in fortified cereals (in which minerals are added), bread, and other form of grain products.
The deficiency of Vitamin B9 can cause macrocytic anemia in which the size of red blood cells turns larger than normal. Such kind of macrocytic anemia consists of Megaloblastic anemia which is typified by the production of fewer but bigger red blood cells. These red blood cells are recognized as macrocytes. As a result of this, white blood cells may also get diminished and low platelet count can be seen.
Vitamin B9 is vital for cell division as in the case of budding a fetus. The deficiency of this vitamin at some point of early pregnancy can expose the budding fetus to the danger of neural tube defects such as spina bifida.
The reason for Vitamin B9 deficiency can be as a result of not taking supplements or food sufficient in Vitamin B9, insufficient absorption of this vitamin or at the time ofpregnant when the need for this vitamin increases.
Interpreting Vitamin B9 results
Range (ng/mL) Remarks
0.35 - 3.37 Deficient
3.38 - 5.38 Indeterminate
> 5.38 Normal
In Nigeria and around the world the reference degree may vary from lab to lab because of the dynamism of the test.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQs)
Q. How is the blood sample collected?
The healthcare provider takes a blood sample from the arm. The place from where the blood is to be withdrawn is cleaned with a swab of rubbing alcohol. This is then accompanied by inserting a small needle which has a tube attached to it for collecting blood. Once the blood for diagnosis is taken, the needle is pulled out. The place is then covered with a gauze pad.
Q. Is there any danger related with the withdrawal of blood sample procedure?
There is no danger related, in few cases, bruising, bleeding and infection at the puncture place can be seen. In not many cases, there can be swelling of the vein after the blood is taken from.
Q. What are the frequent signs and symptoms of Vitamin B9 deficiency?
The frequent signs and symptoms of Vitamin B9 deficiency comprise tiredness, weakness, heart palpitations, and shortness of breath, headaches, irritability, and problem in concentrating.
Q. Which condition can lead to insufficient absorption of Vitamin B9?
The condition which might result in insufficient absorption of Vitamin B9 encompasses Pernicious anemia, Celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and overgrowth of bacteria or presence of parasites in the intestines. It can also be due to a decrease in the production of acid in the stomach from long-term use of anta-acids or H2 proton pump inhibitors, gastric bypass, and pancreatic insufficiency.
Disclaimer: The information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by Surjen.com
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