FULL BLOOD COUNT TEST AT HOME (FBC)
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What is FBC (Full Blood Count)?
A full blood count (FBC) test is a set of tests that provides information about blood cells like Red Blood Cells (RBC), White Blood Cells (WBC) and platelets. It is usually carried out to get an overview of a patient's generally health status.
Why is FBC (Full Blood Count) done?
To observe your normal health as part of a regular check-up
To assist identify a range of problems such as infections, anemia, disease of the immune system, and blood cancers
To observe a present blood disorder
To observe treatment that is recognized to have an effect on blood cells such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy
What does FBC (Full Blood Count) Measure?
Blood is made up of blood cells suspended in blood plasma (yellowish coloured liquid). The blood cells encompass red blood cells (also known as RBCs or erythrocytes), white blood cells (also called WBCs or leukocytes) and platelets (also referred to as thrombocytes).
Red blood cells (RBCs) are the most copious blood cells. RBCs comprise the hemoglobin which assists in the carrying of oxygen to the tissues. RBC count is the measurements of number of RBCs in a given volume of blood.
Packed Cell Volume (PCV) or Hematocrit (Hct) is the measurement of the blood volume filled by RBCs. It is articulated in percentage.
White blood cells (WBCs) are major elements of the immune system and hence protect the body from a variety of infections and cancers. Total Leucocyte count (TLC) is the measurement of the complete number of leukocytes (WBCs) in a given volume of blood.
There are five kinds of WBCs:
Differential Leucocyte Count (DLC) determines the percentage of the variety of WBCs.
Neutrophils, Basophils, and Eosinophils are referred to Granulocytes due to of the presence of granules inside these cells.
Absolute count of variety of WBCs is the measurement of their absolute numbers in the given volume of blood.
Platelet count - Platelets (also referred to as thrombocytes) are disc-shaped cell fragments without a nucleus that assist in blood clotting. Platelet count is the measurement of the range of platelets in a given degree of blood.
Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) is a measure of the average size of platelets in blood.
Hemoglobin (Hb) - Hemoglobin (Hb) is a protein located in red blood cells (RBCs) that takes oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues, exchanges the oxygen for carbon dioxide, and then takes the carbon dioxide again to the lungs the place it is exchanged for oxygen.
Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) is the average volume of a red blood cell or corpuscle.
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) is the average quantity of hemoglobin present in a single red blood cell.
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) is the average concentration of hemoglobin in a given degree of red cells.
Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) is a measurement of the changeability of red blood cell size
INTERPRETING FBC (FULL BLOOD COUNT) RESULTS
Red Blood Cell Count (RBC)
Males: 4.3 - 6.2 million/μL
Females: 3.8 - 5.5 million/μL
Infant/Child: 3.8 - 5.5 million/μL
Males: 13.2 - 16.2 gm/dL
Females: 12.0 - 15.2 gm/dL
White Blood Cell Count (WBC)
Platelet Count (Plt) - 1.5 - 4.5 lacs/μL
Differential Leucocyte Count
- Neutrophils - 35-80%
- Lymphocytes - 20-50%
- Monocytes - 2-12%
- Eosinophils - 0-7%
- Basophils - 0-2%
Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) - 35-47 fL
Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)
Males: 82-102 fL
Females: 78-101 fL
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) - 27-34 pg
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) - 31-35 gm/dL
Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) - 6.0-9.5 fL
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