GONORRHOEA TEST (NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION TEST)
You will provide
Urine Sample, Vaginal Swab
This test is for both
Speak with your health care provider if there is any special preparation.
What is a gonorrhea test?
Gonorrhea is among the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). It is a bacterial infection contacted through vaginal, oral, or anal sex with an infected person. It can also be passed from a pregnant lady to her infant at childbirth. Gonorrhea can infect both men and women. It is most frequent in younger people, aged 15–24.
Many people with gonorrhea are not aware they have it. So they may also pass it to others without their knowledge of it. Men with gonorrhea may also have some symptoms. But ladies regularly have no signs or mistake gonorrhea signs for a bladder or vaginal infection.
A gonorrhea test searches for the presence of gonorrhea bacteria in your body. The sickness can be cured with antibiotics. But if it is not treated, gonorrhea can lead to infertility and different serious health problems. In women, it can result to pelvic inflammatory disorder and ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that grows outside the uterus, where a baby can't stay alive. If not handled promptly, ectopicpregnancy can be deadly to the mother.
In men, gonorrhea can result to painful urination and scarring of the urethra. The urethra is a tube that permits urine to glide from the bladder to the outside of the body and as well takes semen. In men, this tube moves through the penis.
Other names: GC test, gonorrhea DNA probe test, gonorrhea nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT)
What is the test used for?
A gonorrhea test is used to check if you have a gonorrhea infection. It's often carried out with a test for chlamydia, some other kind of sexually transmitted disease (STD). Gonorrhea and chlamydia have comparable symptoms, and the two STDs regularly take place together.
Why do I require a gonorrhea test?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends each year gonorrhea check-up for all sexually lively women under the age of 25. It is as advised that sexually active older women with some risk factors.
Risk factors include:
Having more than one intercourse partners
Having other STDs
Having an intercourse partner with an STD
Previous gonorrhea infection
Not making use of condoms persistently or appropriately.
Symptoms for female include:
Bleeding between periods
Pain when urinating
Pain when having sex
Symptoms for men include:
Pain or tenderness in the testicles
White, yellow, or greenish discharge from the penis
Pain when urinating
If you are pregnant, you may as well get a gonorrhea test early in your pregnancy. A pregnant lady with gonorrhea can transfer the infection to her baby it the time of delivery. Gonorrhea can lead to blindness and other serious, sometimes life-threatening, complications in infants. You can be treated with antibiotic that is safe for you and your baby, if you are pregnant and have gonorrhea.
What takes place when having a gonorrhea test?
If you are a woman, a sample can also be taken from your cervix. For this procedure, you will lie on your back on an examination table, with your knees bent. You will relax your toes in support known as stirrups. Your medical doctor will use a plastic or steel instrument known as a speculum to open the vagina, so the cervix can be seen. Your doctor will then use a smooth brush or plastic spatula to gather the sample.
If you are a man, your doctor can also take a swab from the opening of your urethra.
For each men and women, a sample may as well be taken from a suspected area of infection, such as the mouth or rectum. Urine examinations are additionally used for each men and women.
Your medical doctor can also order assessments for other STDs when you get a gonorrhea test. These may additionally encompass examinations for chlamydia, syphilis, and/or HIV.
Will I need any special preparation for the test?
If you are a woman, you might be requested to avoid use of douches or vaginal creams for 24 hours prior to your test. For a urine test, both men and women should not urinate 1–2 hours prior to the sample is taken.
Are there any dangers to the test?
There are no recognized risks to having a gonorrhea test. Women might also sense some kind of discomfort at some point in a swab test of the cervix.
What do the outcomes or results mean?
Negative/Normal: No gonorrhea bacteria were found. If you have some symptoms, you may get additional STD tests to find out the cause.
Positive/Abnormal: You are infected with the gonorrhea bacteria. You will be treated with antibiotics to cure the infection. Make sure to take all the required doses. Antibiotic treatment will end the infection, but some kinds of gonorrhea micro-organism are turning to resistant (less effective or ineffective) to some antibiotics. If your signs don't improve after treatment, your medical doctor can also order a "susceptibility test." A susceptibility test is used to assist ascertain which antibiotic will be best in treating your infection.
: The information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by Surjen.com.
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