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This test is for both
No preparation required
What is Malarial Parasite Identification?
Malaria is an transferable disease which is prompted with the aid of species of Plasmodium parasite. It is transmitted by using the bite of an infected mosquito (female anopheles). The species which produce infections in humans include Plasmodium Vivax, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale, and Plasmodium falciparum. This test is carried out to ascertain the presence of malarial parasite in the blood.
Why is Malarial Parasite test carried out?
If you have symptoms or signs suggestive of malaria like fever with shaking chills, headaches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, profuse sweating, headache.
What does Malarial Parasite test Measure?
The malarial parasite can be seen through examining a blood smear slide beneath the microscope.
A drop of blood is unfolded on a slide which is referred to as smear. It is then stained with Giemsa stain which supports by giving the malaria parasite a specific appearance.
The prognosis is made by recognizing the parasite of malaria or its antigens or its results in the smear. Thick smears assist to become aware of the presence of parasite while thin smears assist to identify the type of species of parasite. Thin smears assist in evaluating the presence of schizonts (stage of malarial parasite with presence of many small nuclei), gametocytes (stage of malarial parasite to a place where it can produce extra gametes), and the presence of any pigmentation due to the malarial parasite in the blood. This test is performed to identify the presence of the malarial parasite in the blood. It is additionally used to observe the growth of treatment with malaria. Once the cure of malaria is started, the medical doctor may also encourage a re-test to observe the treatment.
INTERPRETING MALARIAL PARASITE TEST RESULTS
Positive results point out the presence of malarial parasites in peripheral blood examination.
Negative results point out that no malarial parasite is viewed on peripheral blood examination.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ's)
Q. Is there any preparation required earlier than the test?
Let the medical doctor know about the medications you may be taking. No other unique preparations are normally required before this test.
Q. Do negative results imply that malaria is now not there?
No, negative results donot affirm that malaria is no longer present. These results might be due to the absence of malarial parasite in the prepared peripheral blood film. In such cases, your medical doctor can also propose you a re-test if the signs of malaria persist.
Q. How does malaria unfold in the body?
Malaria unfolds through the bite of a female anopheles mosquito. When it (the female) anopheles mosquito bites people, the parasites of malaria get transferred to the people and they get the liver. Once the contamination is in the body, the parasite takes a week to a month to get in the red blood cells (RBCs) in humans. In the RBCs, they double in the space of 2-3 days and produce signs of malaria.
Q. Can Malaria occur from the bite of female anopheles mosquito alone?
No, it is not essential that malaria can be induced by the bite of the female anopheles mosquito. Malaria can surface after an organ transplant, through sharing needles or syringes, or after blood transfusion.
Q. How is the blood sample taken?
A healthcare practioner takes a blood sample from the arm. The place from where the blood is to be withdrawn is cleaned with a swab of rubbing alcohol. This is then accompanied by inserting a small needle which has a tube attached to it for gathering blood. Once the sufficient blood for examination is withdrawn, the needle is removed. The place is then closed with a gauze pad.
Q. Is there any danger associated with the withdrawal of blood sample procedure?
As such there is no danger, however in some instance, bruising, bleeding, and infection at the puncture place can be seen. In very few cases, there can be a little swelling around the vein after the blood is withdrawn.
Q. What is Malaria?
It is a transferrable disease which is triggered through a species of Plasmodium. These parasites unfold as a result of the bite of female anopheles mosquito. The species of Plasmodium that infect humans consist of Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae, and Plasmodium falciparum.
Disclaimer: The information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by Surjen.com.
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