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Rubella Virus Test (German Measles) -IgM Antibodies

Rubella Virus Test (German Measles) -IgM Antibodies
N 5000
Rubella Virus Test (German Measles) -IgM Antibodies Rubella Virus Test (German Measles) -IgM Antibodies

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RUBELLA VIRUS

 


You will provide

Blood Sample

This test is for both

Male, Female

Test Preparation

No any specified preparation needed

 


OVERVIEW


What is Rubella Virus - IgG?

This test is also regarded as German Measles or Three-day Measles or 3-day Measles test. This test is carried out to ascertain the presence of rubella antibodies and identifies a current or previous rubella infection.

Why is Rubella Virus - IgG carried out?

The Rubella Virus - IgG test is carried out:

·       As a screening test in pregnancy

·       In case of signs and symptoms of rubella such as fever and rash

·       In the case of newborns exhibiting abnormal symptoms of development or birth defects

·       To identify current or previous rubella infection

What does Rubella Virus - IgG Measure?

Rubella test identifies the existence of antibodies produced by the body’s immune system against the rubella virus. The infection is verified through the laboratory test. Rubella virus leads to an infection in the body in which there are fever and rash for 2-3 days. This infection can without difficulty spread out to other people (contagious) but can be stopped with a vaccine.

The infection begins with a red rash which shows on the face and neck which spreads to the trunk and limbs which go after a few days. The virus gets spread out if a healthy person comes in contact with an infected person by way of coughing or sneezing. Other signs and symptoms which are observed in the rubella virus infection aside from fever and rash comprise of enlarged lymph nodes, red eyes, runny nose, and pain in joints. The signs and symptoms are very minimal specifically in case of small children. In general, these signs and symptoms do not come into notice, as the infection goes away after a few days with no medication and do not result to any complications.

In the case of pregnant women, if the infection takes place in the first three months of pregnancy, the fetus would possibly get affected being most prone to the virus throughout this time. In such cases, it can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, or congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). CRS includes serious birth defects that will result to permanent damage to the baby such as mental and developmental disabilities, cloudiness of the lens of eyes, deafness, an abnormally small head, heart defects, and liver problems.

Interpreting Rubella Virus - IgG results

Result in %

Avidity

< 30      

Low

30 – 40 

Equivocal

> 40

High

                                            

Reference level may differ from lab to lab*


FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT RUBELLA VIRUS – IGG


Q. Is there any special preparation needed prior to the test?

Inform the doctor about the medications you may be taking. No particular preparations are generally needed prior to this test.

Q. How is the blood sample collected?

The healthcare issuer or doctor takes a blood sample from the arm. The place from where the blood is to be pulled out is cleaned with a swab of rubbing alcohol. This is then accompanied by inserting a small needle which has a tube joined to it for taking blood. Once the adequate blood for analysis is taken, the needle is removed. The place is then enclosed with a gauze pad.

Q. Is there any danger related with the withdrawal of blood sample procedure?

As such there is no danger except in rare cases, bruising, bleeding, and infection at the puncture place can be seen. In very few cases, there can be swelling of the vein after the blood is taken.

Q. How many types of rubella antibodies can be identified by the lab tests?

Two types of rubella antibodies can be identified by lab examinations which comprise IgM and IgG. IgM antibody is the first one to show up in response to early exposure to the rubella virus. It rises to height in the blood inside about 7 to 10 days after contamination and then drops down after a few weeks. However, in case of newborns this antibody can be identified for a longer duration. Once IgM is in the blood the second IgG rubella antibody begins to appear. This antibody stays for life and affords protection against re-infection. If IgG antibodies are identified in the blood, it shows a current or previous rubella infection. Also, it is demonstrative of the fact that the individual has collected rubella vaccine.

Q. When is Rubella Virus - IgG test recommended?

The Rubella Virus - IgG test is recommended in ladies who are planning to be pregnant or are already pregnant. The infants might as well have to take the test if the mother has been exposed to rubella infection. Along with that, this test is recommended for kids with birth defects (reason may be rubella infection), people having signs and symptoms of rubella virus infection, students starting college, and healthcare workers exposed to rubella virus infection and are not vaccinated for the same.

 


DisclaimerThe information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by Surjen.com


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