You will provide
This test is for both
Male and Female
No any specified preparation needed
What is a sickle cell test?
A sickle cell test is a simple blood test used to ascertain if you have sickle cell disease (SCD) or sickle cell trait. People with SCD have red blood cells (RBCs) that are abnormally formed. Sickle cells are formed like a crescent moon. Normal RBCs look like doughnuts.
The sickle cell test is part of a regular screening carried out on an infant after they’re born. However, it can be used on older teenagers and adults when required.
What is sickle cell disease (SCD)?
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of inherited RBC disorder. The ailment is named for the C-shaped farming device referred to as a sickle. Sickle cells frequently turn out to be challenging and sticky. This can raise the danger of blood clots. They also have a tendency to die off early. This causes a regular shortage of RBCs.
Sickle cell disease (SCD) brings the following symptoms:
Anemia, which leads to fatigue
Periodic episodes of pain, which are prompted by way of blocked blood flow
Hand-foot syndrome, or swollen fingers and feet
Paleness and shortness of breath
Yellowing of the skin and eyes
Sickle cell trait
Individuals that have sickle cell trait are genetic carriers of SCD. They have no symptoms and can’t enhance SCD, however they can also be in a position to transfer it on to their children. Those with the trait may also have a greater risk of some different problems, which comprises unexpected exercise-related death.
Who requires a sickle cell test?
Newborns are often screened for SCD as soon as they are born. Early diagnosis is important. This is due to the fact children with SCD might be vulnerable to serious infections within weeks of birth. Testing early assists ensure children with SCD get the appropriate treatment to defend their health.
Any special preparation required for a sickle cell test?
No special preparation is required for the sickle cell test. But, receiving a sickle cell test within 90 days after a blood transfusion may cause inaccurate test results.
Transfusion can minimize the quantity of hemoglobin S — the protein that causes SCD — in the blood. An individual who had a recent transfusion may have a normal sickle cell test outcome or result, even if they have SCD.
What is the procedure of a sickle test test?
Your health practitioner will require a blood sample to test for SCD. Our phlebotomist will tie an elastic band round your upper arm to make the vein swell with blood. Then, he’ll carefully put in a needle into the vein. The blood will seamlessly drift into the tube connected to the needle. When there’s ample blood for the test, the phlebotomist will take the needle out and plaster the pierce wound with a bandage.
Are there risks related with the test?
The sickle cell test is a normal blood test. Complications are very uncommon. The pierce wound may result to an infection, but the alcohol swab used prior to the test normally stops this. Apply a warm compress to the place if you have a bruise.
What do the test results or outcome mean?
The lab tech who diagnoses your blood sample will be searching for an unusual shape of hemoglobin called hemoglobin S. Regular hemoglobin is a protein carried by RBCs. It carries oxygen in the lungs and takes it to different tissues and organs in your whole body.
As all proteins, the “blueprint” for hemoglobin exists in your DNA. This is the material that makes up your genes. If one of the genes is altered it can change how the hemoglobin behaves. Such mutated hemoglobin can create RBCs that are sickle-shaped, resulting to SCD.
A negative test is normal. It implies your hemoglobin is normal.
A positive result may mean you have sickle cell trait or SCD.
If the test is positive, your medical doctor will possibly ask for a second test called hemoglobin electrophoresis. This will help ascertain which condition you have.
If the test identifies that you have two abnormal hemoglobin genes, your medical doctor will probably make an SCD diagnosis. If the test suggests you have solely one of these abnormal genes and no symptoms, your medical doctor will probably make the diagnosis of sickle cell trait.
What happens after the test?
Your medical doctor or lab tech can inform you when to hope for your test results. Given that infants screenings differ from one lab to the other in Abuja Nigeria, Result may take up to two weeks for infants. For adults, it may be gotten in one working day.
If you are diagnosed with SCD, your medical doctor will work with you to get a treatment that suits you.
The information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by Surjen.com.
Labnetwork Pathology and Medical Laboratory
e-Clinic & Diagnostics
Subscribe To Our Newsletter To Get Special Deals And Weekly Offers.