HIP REPLACEMENT SURGERY
What is a Hip replacement Surgical Procedure?
Hip joint replacement is surgical procedure to replace all or a part of the hip joint with an artificial joint. The artificial joint is referred a prosthesis.
This surgical procedure takes approximately 2 to 3 hours.
You will have either of the two varieties of anesthesia:
1. General anesthesia: This means you'll be asleep and unable to feel any pain at all.
2. Regional (spinal or epidural) anesthesia: Medicine is put into your back to make you numb underneath your waist.
Your hip joint is made from 2 principal parts. One or both components can be changed during surgery:
· The hip socket (part of the pelvic bone known as the acetabulum)
· The upper stop of the thighbone (called the femoral head)
· The new hip that replaces the vintage one is made up of these parts:
· A socket, which is typically made of strong metal.
· A liner, which fits within the socket. It is most usually plastic. Some surgeons are now attempting other materials, like ceramic or metal. The liner allows the hip to move smoothly.
· A metal or ceramic ball is an effort to replace the round head (top) of your thigh bone.
· A metallic stem, this is connected to the thigh bone to anchor the joint.
Need for Hip Replacement Surgery
The most common cause to have this surgical procedure is to relieve arthritis. Severe arthritis pain can restrict your activities. Most of the time, hip joint replacement is done in people aged 60 and above. Many patients who have this surgical procedure are younger. Younger patients who have a hip replaced may additionally put extra strain on the artificial hip. That extra pressure can make it to wear out in advance than in older people. Part or all the joint may need to be replaced again if that happens.
Your medical doctor might also endorse a hip replacement for these troubles:
· You can't sleep through the night due to pain.
· Your hip pain has no longer gotten relieved with different treatments.
· Hip pain prevents you from doing your normal chores.
· You have troubles walking that require you to use a cane or walker.
· Other reasons for changing the hip joint are:
· Fractures inside the thigh bone. Older adults regularly have a hip replacement for this purpose.
· Hip joint tumors.
After the Procedure
You will stay in the hospital for 2 to 4 days. During that time, you'll recover from your anesthesia and from the surgery. You may be asked to start physiotherapy and brisk walking as soon as the first day after surgical procedure.
Blood clots. Clots can form in your leg veins post-surgery.
Infection. Infections may happen at the site of your surgical cut and in the deeper tissue.
Fracture. During the course of surgery, healthy portions of your hip joint may get damaged.
Dislocation. Some situations can cause the ball of your new prosthesis to become displaced, especially in the first few months of surgery.
Change in leg length. Sometimes a new hip may make one leg longer or shorter as compared to the other.
Loosening. Although this complication is rare however, your new joint may loosen over time, causing pain in your hip.
Hip replacement surgery outcomes are mostly excellent. Most or all of your pain and stiffness would go away.
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