Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip Replacement Surgery
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What is a Hip replacement Surgical Procedure?

Hip joint replacement is a surgical procedure to replace all or a part of the hip joint with an artificial joint. The artificial joint is referred to as a prosthesis.

Surgery time

This surgical procedure takes approximately 2 to 3 hours.

Anesthesia type

You will have either of the two varieties of anaesthesia:

1. General anaesthesia:  This means you'll be asleep and unable to feel any pain at all.

2. Regional (spinal or epidural) anaesthesia:  Medicine is put into your back to make you numb underneath your waist.


Your hip joint is made of 2 principal parts. One or both components can be changed during surgery:

·     The hip socket (part of the pelvic bone known as the acetabulum)

·     The upper stop of the thighbone (called the femoral head)

·     The new hip that replaces the vintage one is made up of these parts:

·     A socket, which is typically made of strong metal.

·     A liner, which fits within the socket. It is most usually plastic. Some surgeons are now attempting other materials, like ceramic or metal. The liner allows the hip to move smoothly.

·      A metal or ceramic ball is an effort to replace the round head (top) of your thigh bone.

·      A metallic stem, is connected to the thigh bone to anchor the joint.

Need for Hip Replacement Surgery

The most common cause for this surgical procedure is to relieve arthritis. Severe arthritis pain can restrict your activities. Most of the time, hip joint replacement is done in people aged 60 and above. Many patients who have this surgical procedure are younger. Younger patients who have a hip replaced may additionally put extra strain on the artificial hip. That extra pressure can make it wear out in advance than in older people. Part or all the joints may need to be replaced again if that happens.

Your medical doctor might also endorse a hip replacement for these troubles:

·      You can't sleep through the night due to pain.

·      Your hip pain has no longer been relieved with different treatments.

·      Hip pain prevents you from doing your normal chores.

·      You have trouble walking which requires you to use a cane or walker.

·      Other reasons for changing the hip joint are:

·    Fractures inside the thigh bone. Older adults regularly have a hip replacement for this purpose.

·      Hip joint tumours.

After the Procedure

You will stay in the hospital for 2 to 4 days. During that time, you'll recover from your anaesthesia and the surgery. You may be asked to start physiotherapy and brisk walking as soon as the first day after the surgical procedure.

Risks Factors

Blood clots. Clots can form in your leg veins post-surgery.

Infection. Infections may happen at the site of your surgical cut and in the deeper tissue.

Fracture. During surgery, healthy portions of your hip joint may get damaged.

Dislocation. Some situations can cause the ball of your new prosthesis to become displaced, especially in the first few months of surgery.

Change in leg length. Sometimes a new hip may make one leg longer or shorter as compared to the other.

Loosening. Although this complication is rare, however, your new joint may loosen over time, causing pain in your hip.

Prognosis (Outlook)

Hip replacement surgery outcomes are mostly excellent. Most or all of your pain and stiffness would go away.







DisclaimerThe information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by

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