Anal Fissure Repair Surgery

What is an Anal Fissure? 

An anal fissure is a tear or open wound (ulcer) that develops in the lining of the large intestine which is usually close to the anus. An anal fissure is usually painful and may or may not cause bleeding. An anal fissure usually results from a trauma to the anal canal. Anal fissures usually affect people of all ages but are most rampant in children, young adults and middle-aged people.


What Causes Anal fissure?

The major cause of a fissure is strains leading to a tear in the surrounding skin the anus. The reasons for such strains include one or more of the following;

Decreased blood flow to the anorectal region

Strains due to constipation

Frequent diarrhoea

Pregnancy and strains during childbirth

Tightness of the ring of muscles that opens and closes the anus.

Abnormal sphincter muscles

Injury to the anus from scratching or wiping stool in the wrong motion

Diagnosis of Anal Fissure

An anal fissure is usually diagnosed by a physical examination by the Doctor in the hospital. If you experience symptoms such as passing bloody faeces, a visible crack or tear in the anus,  burning and itching to painful sensation, do not make any assumptions or self-medicate.

Please do not feel shy or embarrassed to see a Doctor for a critical physical examination. A digital rectal examination is performed to check for abnormalities while for persons aged 45 upwards, a colonoscopy exam may be performed. 

What are the Symptoms of  Anal fissures?

Bloody stools

A tear in the anus which is quite visible to the eyes


A burning and itchy sensation

Frequent urination 

Smelly discharge

Anal fissure treatment in Nigeria

Anal fissure in severe cases is best treated with surgery. At the chronic level when an anal fissure fails to heal, it may result in the formation of extensive scar tissue known as pile. Anal fissure in severe cases is best treated with surgery. Book a Doctor's appointment to permanently cure the anal fissure click here

How to Prevent Anal fissure

Lifestyle modifications and developing healthy habits  can help in the prevention of Anal fissures and they include;

Increased intake of water

Increased fibre consumption

Consumption of fibre-rich supplements

Wipe the anus gently  after using the bathroom

Avoid strained stooling

Always stay well hydrated by consuming plenty of healthy fluids

Not ignoring the urge to use the toilet as this may make your poo dry out and become difficult to pass

Exercising regularly ( you should aim to do at least 150 minutes of physical exercise in a day)

 Cost of treatment for anal fissure in Nigeria

Anal fissure repair surgery costs depend on various factors like;

1. Type of treatment chosen

2. Age and gender of the patient

3. Location and choice of the Hospital

4. Experience of Surgeon


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Is there a permanent cure for anal fissure

Surgery is the most effective and permanent treatment for anal fissures. Homeopathic therapy may also be used to treat non-chronic cases but however, do not attempt to self-medicate.

2. What Doctor is best for anal fissure?

Gastroenterologist or a Colorectal surgeon is the best Doctor to effectively handle an anal fissure. Click here to book for a gastroenterologist.  

3. How long does anal fissure last?

Six weeks beginning from the commencement of treatment is the optimum time for complete healing.

4. How much is fissure operation?

This totally depends on given factors such as your location, choice of hospital and Specialist who will undertake the surgery. 

5. What does an anal fissure look like?

They typically look like one or more tears or cracks around the anus and when a pile is developed, a small mass of extra skin is seen to hang below the opening of the anus.

6. Are anal fissures painful?

Yes, they are quite painful as you feel a sharp pain every time you need to use the rest room which is accompanied by a burning sensation right after that.







DisclaimerThe information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by

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