What is an Anal Fissure?
An anal fissure is a tear or open wound (ulcer) that develops in the lining of the large intestine which is usually close to the anus. An anal fissure is usually painful and may or may not cause bleeding. An anal fissure usually results from a trauma to the anal canal. Anal fissures usually affects people of all ages but is most rampant in children, young adults and middle aged people.
What Causes Anal fissure?
The major cause of a fissure are strains leading to a tear in the surrounding skin the anus. The reasons for such strains includes one or more of the followimng;
Decreased blood flow to the anorectal region
Strains due to constipation
Pregnancy and strains during childbirth
Tightness of the ring of muscles that opens and closes the anus.
Abnormal sphincter muscles
Injury to the anus from scratching or wiping stool in the wrong motion
Diagnosis of Anal Fissure
An anal fissure is usually diagnosed by a physical examination by the Doctor in the hospital. If you experience symptoms such passing bloody faeces, a visible crack or tear in the anus, burning and itching to painful sensation, do not make any assumptions or self medicate.
Please do not feel shy or embarassed to see a Doctor for a critical physical examination. A digital rectal examination is performed to check for abnormalities while for persons aged 45 upwards, a colonoscopy exam may be performed.
What are the Symptoms of Anal fissures?
A tear in the anus which is quite visible to the eyes
A burning and itchy sensation
Anal fissure treatment in Nigeria
Anal fissure in severe cases is best treated with surgery. At the chronic level when an anal fissure fails to heal, it may result in the formation of extensive scar tissue known as pile. Anal fissure in severe cases is best treated with surgery. Book for a Doctor's appointment to permanently cure anal fissure click here
How to Prevent Anal fissure
Lifestyle modifications and developing healthy habits can help in the prevention of Anal fissure and they include;
Increased intake of water
Increased fibre consumption
Consumption of fibre-rich supplements
Wipe the anus gently after using the bathroom
Avoid strained stooling
Always staying well hydrated by consuming plenty of healthy fluids
Not ignoring the urge to use the toilet as this may make your poo dry out and become difficult to pass
Exercising regularly ( you should aim to do at least 150 minutes of physical exercise in a day)
Cost of treatment for anal fissure in Nigeria
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
1. Is there a permanent cure for anal fissure
Surgery is the most effective and permanent treatment for anal fissures. Homeopathic therapy may also be used to treat non-chronic cases but however, do not attempt to self medicate.
2. What Doctor is best for anal fissure?
Gastroenterologist or a Colorectal surgeon is the best Doctor to effectively handle an anal fissure. Click here to book for a gastroenterologist.
3. How long does anal fissure last?
Six weeks beginning from the commencement of treatment is the optimum time for complete healing.
4. How much is fissure operation?
This totally depends on given factors such as your loction, choice of hospital and Specialist who will undertake the surgery.
5. What does anal fissure look like?
They typically look like one or more tears or cracks around the anus and when a pile is developed, a small mass of extra skin is seen to hang below the opening of the anus.
6. Are anal fissures painful?
Yes they are quite painful as you feel a sharp pain everytime you need to used the rest room which is accompanied by a burning sensation right after that.
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