Fibroid and its Treatment

What are Fibroids

Uterine Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that may develop during a woman's childbearing years. Fibroids typically vary in size from being microscopic (extremely small) to large masses of tissue. These growths are often non-cancerous in nature but may actually cause an increase in the size of the uterus and ultimately interfere with conception or even the growth and development of a foetus. Thus, it is advisable for anyone with fibroid who wishes to conceive to take them out.

Fibroid Surgery, Myomectomy is a surgical procedure which is safely used to remove uterine fibroids. The Fibroid Surgery procedure carried out typically depends on the location, size and number of fibroids.

What are the causes of Fibroids?

There are no single specific known causes of fibroids but some scientific research suggests that one or more of the following factors can pre-dispose a woman to Fibroids. They include



Growth factors

Extracellular matrix (causing the adhesion of cells together) 

What are the symptoms of Fibroids?

Some women who have fibroids generally do not show any symptoms while others may experience one or more of the following symptoms depending on the size, location and number of fibroids.

Some of the symptoms of fibroids may include;

Long Menstrual periods

Spotting  between menstrual cycles

Heavy Menstrual flow

Back pain (in some cases leg pain)



Fibroids Treatment in Nigeria

Fibroid diagnosis can be inferred during a routine pelvic examination and more specifically by lab tests, ultrasounds and other imaging tests such as MRIs, Hysterosonography, Hysterosalpingography, and Hysteroscopy. 

Fibroid treatment options and management of fibroids vary depending on the size, location and number of fibroids. There are surgical options, minimally invasive and also non-invasive methods of fibroid removal. A one-on-one consultation will help to discuss in-depth and further explore available options.

Surgical procedures for Fibroids include Abdominal myomectomy and hysterectomy, while minimally invasive procedures include Laparoscopy, Endometrial ablation and hysteroscopic myomectomy.

Abdominal Myomectomy for Treatment of Fibroids

This is done to remove large, multiple or deeply rooted fibroids

Hysterectomy for Fibroids Treatment

This is done to remove the uterus in very extreme cases or as a permanent solution to the re-growth of fibroids.

Laparoscopic removal of Fibroids

This is done by removing larger fibroids through a process known as morcellation

What is HIFU Treatment of Fibroids 

High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) also known as ultrasound surgery for Fibroids, uses focused sound energy to heat up and destroy fibroid tissues. It is a non-invasive thermal ablative procedure. It is similar to the concept of focusing the sunlight through a magnifying glass to burn a hole on a paper.

This treatment focuses a high-intensity ultrasonic beam on the targeted tissue, depositing a high level of ultrasound energy. The highly concentrated energy gets absorbed by the tissue generating high temperatures of 60°C – 80°C resulting in necrosis and destruction of the targeted tissue. HIFU also causes pressure waves in the tissues causing the tissue to vibrate leading to mechanical stress on the cells and cell death. Since the ultrasonic beam is focused at a focal point, there is minimal injury to the surrounding tissues.

How to Prevent Fibroids 

Since there are no particularly known causes of fibroids, there are no clearly defined methods of prevention but factors like determining whether one is high risk can help in conscious lifestyle changes and improvement where necessary. Studies have also previously shown that avoiding certain kinds of meals which include red meats, low alcohol consumption, Maintaining healthy weights and ultimately routine checks to help discover early signs at the earliest stages is vital to managing symptoms.

Fibroid surgery cost in Nigeria

Fibroid surgery costs depend on various factors;

1. Type of surgery chosen

2. Location, Size and Number of Fibroids

3. Age of the patient

4. Location and choice of the Hospital

5. Experience of Surgeon

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. How much is Fibroid's operation in Nigeria? 

This varies from hospital to hospital, the size, number and location of your fibroids is also taken into consideration. click to find out more on

2. Best Hospital for fibroids in Nigeria

Surjen Healthcare offers you an array of the best and most experienced team of Surgeons both Locally and internationally in the top hospitals across Nigeria for a top-tier healthcare experience.

3. Is Uterine fibroid embolization done in Nigeria?

Yes! and this is a Clinically approved, less invasive and effective method for fibroid treatment. This is done by cutting off blood supply to the uterine fibroid which eventually results in their shrinkage.

4. Why is Fibroid common in Africa?

Certain research conducted indicates that Fibroid is predominant in women of  Black African descent with statistics of 5 in every 10 women sampled. The exact cause is still yet unknown and advanced research is still being carried out to support or debunk this fact. 

5Are fibroids cancerous?

The majority of fibroids are benign (non-cancerous). However, in rare cases, a fibroid can develop into a cancerous tumour called leiomyosarcoma. This type of cancer is very rare, occurring in less than 1% of all cases of uterine fibroids.


6. How are fibroids diagnosed?


Fibroids can be diagnosed through a combination of methods, including pelvic exams, ultrasound imaging, MRI scans, and hysteroscopy. Your healthcare provider will determine the most appropriate diagnostic tests based on your symptoms and medical history.


7. Can lifestyle changes help manage fibroids?


While lifestyle changes cannot directly shrink or eliminate fibroids, they may help manage symptoms. Eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, managing stress levels, and maintaining a healthy weight can contribute to overall well-being and may help alleviate fibroid-related symptoms.


DisclaimerThe information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by

Google Review trustpilot