Gallbladder removal surgery, also referred to as a cholecystectomy, is a very common surgery.
The gallbladder is a small, pouch-like organ in the upper right part of your abdomen.
It stores bile, a fluid formed by the liver that helps break down fatty foods.
You really don’t need a gallbladder, so surgery to take it out is often recommended if you develop any issue with it.
Surgery to remove the gallbladder is usually performed if you have painful gallstones.
These are small stones that can be produced in the gallbladder due to of an imbalance in the substances that make up bile.(acute cholecystitis)
Gallstones often show no symptoms and you may not recognize you have them, but occasionally they can block the flow of bile and aggravate the gallbladder or pancreas (acute pancreatitis).
This can cause symptoms such as:
Very occasionally it may be possible to take medicine to dissolve gallstones, but surgery to remove the gallbladder is the most effective treatment in the huge majority of cases.
There are 2 main ways of removing a gallbladder:
Keyhole surgery is often used because you will have the chance leave hospital sooner, recover faster and are left with smaller scars than with an open surgery.
Both methods are carried out under general anaesthetic, which means you'll be asleep during the procedure and won't feel any pain while it's carried out.
It doesn't normally take long to recuperate from keyhole surgery to remove your gallbladder.
Some people can leave hospital the same day or the next morning.
You'll perhaps be able to return to most of your regular activities within 2 weeks.
It takes more time to recover from open surgery. You may need to remain in hospital for 3 to 5 days and it could be 6 to 8 weeks before you fell back to normal.
Your liver will still make sufficient bile to digest your food, but instead of being stored in the gallbladder, it trickles constantly into your digestive system.
You may have been advised to eat a certain diet before surgery, but this doesn't need to be continued afterwards. Instead, you should target to having a generally healthy, balanced diet.
Most people experience problems such as bloating or diarrhea after the operationn, although this usually improves within a few weeks.
If you observe certain foods or drinks trigger these symptoms, you may wish to stay away from them in the future.
Gallbladder removal surgery is considered to be a secure procedure, but, like every type of surgery, there's a risk of complications.
Possible complications include:
Speak to your surgeon about the benefits and risks of surgery prior to your operation.
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