Hip Replacement Surgery in Nigeria

What is a Hip Replacement Surgery?

A hip replacement, also called hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure that replaces a damaged hip joint with an artificial joint. This procedure is usually done to relieve pain and improve mobility in people with severe hip injuries or degeneration due to conditions such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Bone and cartilage are removed and replaced with metal and plastic joints. The metal parts of artificial joints are usually made of high-quality stainless steel or titanium, while the plastic parts are made of high-density polyethylene. Artificial joints are designed to mimic the motion of a natural hip joint as closely as possible.

Hip replacement surgery is usually done on an in-patient basis. Patients go home within 2-3 days of surgery. Most people who have had surgery can return to normal activity within a few weeks, but the recovery process varies depending on the individual and the extent of the surgery. It is usually recommended for people with severe hip pain and limited mobility due to hip arthritis or other conditions that seriously damage the hip joint.

What are the causes leading to Hip Replacement Surgery?

Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that occurs when the protective cartilage that protects the ends of bones wears away over time. This can lead to pain, stiffness and reduced mobility in the affected joint.

Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in the joints, causing pain, stiffness and deformity. It can affect any joint in the body, including the hip joint.

Fractures: Hip fractures and fractures can occur as a result of falls and other injuries. In some cases, fractures can be severe enough to require hip surgery.

Avascular Necrosis: Avascular necrosis is a condition in which the blood supply to the bone is interrupted and the bone dies. This can occur in the hip joint and may require hip replacement surgery to restore joint function.

Other conditions: Other conditions that may lead to hip replacement surgery include hip dysplasia (a congenital condition in which the hip joint is deformed) ankylosing spondylitis (a type of arthritis that affects the spine and hip joints), and osteonecrosis (state of osteonecrosis). where bone tissue dies due to lack of blood flow).

How to diagnose Hip Arthritis for hip replacement surgery

To diagnose hip arthritis and determine whether hip replacement surgery is needed, healthcare providers usually do the following:

Perform a Physical Exam: Your healthcare provider will examine your hip for signs of swelling, tenderness, or mobility.

Order Imaging Tests: X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans can be used to assess the condition of the hip joint and surrounding tissues.

Consider other Factors: Your provider may also take your age, general health, and lifestyle into consideration when deciding whether hip replacement surgery is right for you.
If a total hip replacement is recommended, your healthcare provider will discuss the risks and benefits of surgery and what to expect during and after surgery. It is important to ask questions and fully understand the procedure before making a decision.

What are the symptoms of hip arthritis?

The most common hip arthritis symptoms are:

Pain: Pain is the most common symptom of hip arthritis and can range from mild to severe. Pain may be felt in the hip joint itself or radiate to the groin, thigh or buttock. The pain may be exacerbated by putting weight on the affected hip.

Stiffness: Osteoarthritis of the hip can make the hip joint stiff and difficult to move. This stiffness may be more noticeable in the morning or during periods of inactivity.

Limited Mobility: when the hip joint becomes stiff and painful, making it difficult for people with hip arthritis to move their legs in certain directions, bend over, or perform certain activities such as climbing stairs.

Swelling: In some cases, joints affected by hip arthritis may swell.

Deformity: Severe osteoarthritis of the hip deforms the joint, and may result in lateral rotation of the leg and visible deformity of the hip joint.

It is important to note that the symptoms of hip arthritis vary greatly from person to person. Some people have mild symptoms that come and go, while others have more severe and persistent symptoms. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment planning. 

What happens after the Hip Replacement Surgery?

You will be hospitalized for 2-4 days. During this time, you will recover from anaesthesia and surgery. You may be asked to begin physical therapy and brisk walking on the first day after surgery.

What is the Prognosis (outlook) of Hip Replacement Surgery?

The prognosis for hip replacement surgery is generally very good. Most people experience significant pain relief and improved mobility after surgery. Many people can return to normal activity and resume high levels of physical activity after a period of rehabilitation. It also depends on several factors, including your health and your level of physical activity. In general, young, healthy patients tend to have better outcomes than older, less healthy patients. It is also important to follow recommended post-surgical rehabilitation programs and take steps to maintain general well-being. This can improve the long-term success of surgery.

It is important to note that hip replacement surgery, like any surgery, carries risks such as infection, bleeding, and possible blood clots. However, the risks are generally small and can be minimized with good preoperative and postoperative care. 

How much does hip surgery cost in Nigeria?

The cost of hip replacement surgery in Nigeria depends on many factors such as the type of implant used, the complexity of the procedure and the hospital or clinic where the surgery is performed. In general, hip replacement surgery can be an expensive procedure, costing a few million Naira.

It is important to note that the cost of hip replacement surgery in Nigeria may not be covered by insurance and the patient may have to pay for the surgery out of pocket. Some hospitals and clinics may offer financing options to help patients pay for their surgery.

It is recommended that you obtain quotes from Surjen Healthcare before deciding where to have your surgery. We also recommend that you consult with your insurance company to determine which hip replacement surgery coverage is available.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s)

Here are some frequently asked questions about hip replacement surgery.

Is hip Replacement Surgery Painful? 

Most people experience some discomfort after hip replacement surgery, but the pain is generally well-controlled with medication. The pain should gradually improve over time as the hip heals.

How long does it take to recover from hip replacement surgery?

Recovery time after hip replacement surgery varies greatly from person to person, but most people can return to normal activity within a few weeks. Physical therapy and rehabilitation are an important part of the recovery process, where patients are given specific exercises to strengthen the muscles around the hip joint and improve mobility.

What are the risks of hip surgery?

Like any surgery, hip surgery carries risks such as infection, bleeding, and possible blood clots. However, the risks are generally small and can be minimized with good preoperative and postoperative care.

Is Hip Surgery Permanent?

Hip replacement surgery is generally considered a permanent procedure. Most hip replacement surgeries are designed to last for years, and many people are able to lead active, pain-free lives after surgery.

Which is the best hospital for hip surgery in Nigeria?
Identifying the best hospital for hip replacement surgery in Nigeria is difficult as different hospitals and clinics have different strengths and specialities. When considering where to perform hip replacement surgery, the experience and qualifications of the surgeon, the success rate of the hospital or clinic, the availability of postoperative rehabilitation and physiotherapy services, and the total cost of the surgery are to be considered. Surjen Healthcare will help you to find the most appropriate hospital and doctor for your needs. Ultimately, the best hip replacement hospital in Nigeria depends on individual circumstances and needs.

What triggers Arthritis in the hips?
Arthritis is a group of diseases that cause inflammation, pain and stiffness in the joints.

Osteoarthritis: This is the most common form of arthritis and occurs when the cartilage that cushions the joints wears away, causing friction between bones. Osteoarthritis can affect your lower back due to age, wear and tear, or previous injuries.

Rheumatoid Arthritis: This is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in the joints, including the hip joints. It occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the tissues around the joint, causing inflammation and pain.

Psoriatic arthritis: This is a type of arthritis that occurs in people with psoriasis, a skin condition that causes red, scaly patches. It can cause inflammation and pain in the hip joint and other joints.

Other factors that may increase the risk of developing arthritis in the hip include obesity, a family history of the condition, and certain occupations and activities that put a lot of strain on the hip. 

What is the most effective treatment for hip arthritis?
The most effective treatment for arthritis depends on the type of arthritis, the severity of the symptoms, and the patient's general health and preferences. Common treatment options for arthritis include:

Medicines: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen, can help reduce inflammation and pain. Other medications, such as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and biologics, may be used to slow the progression of certain types of arthritis.

Physical Therapy: Physical therapy helps improve flexibility, strength, and range of motion in affected joints. It can also help relieve pain and improve daily functioning.

Exercise: Regular exercise, such as walking, swimming, or cycling, can help improve mobility, reduce pain, and increase strength and endurance.

Assistive Devices: Assistive devices such as canes, walkers, and handrails can reduce strain on joints and improve mobility.

Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be recommended to repair or replace damaged joints. This may include procedures such as joint replacement surgery and arthroscopy.

It is important to work with your healthcare provider to determine the treatment plan that best suits your specific needs.

How can I cure arthritis faster?
There is no known cure for arthritis and the goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. There is no quick “cure” for arthritis, but there are some things you can do to control symptoms and reduce inflammation.

Medications: Take medications as directed. These may include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen, or disease-modifying anti-inflammatory drugs (DMARDs).

Regular Exercise: Regular physical activity helps improve flexibility, reduce pain, and improve muscle strength and endurance. It's important to find an activity that's right for your fitness level, start slowly, and gradually increase the intensity as you can tolerate it.

Get Enough Rest: It's important to get enough sleep to let your body rest and repair itself. Get at least 7-9 hours of sleep per night and take breaks throughout the day as needed.

Eat Healthy: A diet rich in fruits, vegetables and other whole foods can help reduce inflammation and improve overall health. Avoid processed and sugary foods that can cause inflammation.

Use of Assistive Devices: Using assistive devices such as canes, walkers, and handrail scan reduce strain on joints and improve mobility.

It is important to work with your healthcare provider to develop a treatment plan that is right for you. There is no quick cure for arthritis, but these strategies can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. 

Biological DMARDs are a new class of drugs that can be used to treat RA. These drugs are made from living cells and target specific molecules in the immune system that contribute to the inflammation and joint damage associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Although these drugs are effective in controlling the symptoms of RA, they can also cause serious side effects, including an increased risk of infection. It is important to discuss your concerns about possible side effects with your healthcare provider. A healthcare provider will consider the patient's general health and the severity of RA to determine the most appropriate treatment.

Is walking good for arthritic hips?
Walking is beneficial for people with hip arthritis as long as it is done in a way that does not cause pain or discomfort. Regular physical activity, including walking, helps improve flexibility, range of motion, and overall hip function. It also helps reduce pain and inflammation associated with arthritis.

However, it is important for people with hip arthritis to be aware of their limitations and listen to their bodies. If walking causes pain or discomfort, people should take breaks or use an assistive device, such as a cane or walker.

What are the best hip Arthritis exercises?

Here are some exercises that may be helpful for people with hip arthritis:

Range of motion exercises: These exercises help improve flexibility and mobility in your hip joints. Examples include leg swings, leg raises and hip circles.

Strengthening exercises: Strong muscles help support and protect your hip joints. Leg presses, squats, and leg raises are examples of exercises that help strengthen the muscles around your lower back. You can reduce the risk of injury. Examples include standing on one leg, walking heel-to-toe, and using a balance board.

Water Exercise: Water exercise is a great way to relieve hip stress and pain while still enjoying the benefits of exercise. Water aerobics includes pool walks, leg thrusts, and resistance exercises using pool noodles and other equipment. It is important to consult your doctor or physical therapist before starting a new exercise program. They can help you create a program that is safe and appropriate for your specific needs and abilities.

What are hip Arthritis exercises to avoid?
Here are some exercises that may be problematic for people with hip arthritis and should be avoided or modified.

Deep Squats: Squats with too much range of motion can strain your lower back and cause pain.

Twisting and Turning Movements: Twisting or over-twisting your hips can strain your joints and cause pain.

Lunges: Lunges can strain your lower back, especially if you have poor form or too much range of motion.

It is important to note that these are only general guidelines and what is suitable for one person with hip arthritis may not be suitable for another. A physical therapist will determine the best exercises for your specific needs and limitations.

Is there any hip Arthritis treatment without surgery?
Yes, there are several non-surgical treatment options for hip arthritis, These options can help people with hip arthritis reduce pain and improve mobility.

Medications: Over-the-counter or prescription pain relievers, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen, can help reduce pain and inflammation.

Physical Therapy: Physical therapists can help develop exercise programs that improve hip flexibility, strength, and range of motion.

Injections: Corticosteroid injections or viscose supplements (injections of substances that help lubricate the joints) may help reduce pain and inflammation in the hip joints.

Aids: A cane or walker can help reduce strain on the hip joint and relieve pain.

Lifestyle Changes: Lose weight, avoid high-impact activities, and use proper body mechanics to reduce stress on your hip joints and improve hip arthritis symptoms.

It is important to discuss available treatment options with your doctor to determine the best course of treatment for your particular situation.

Can stem cells replace total hip replacement surgery?
Stem cell therapy has shown promise as a treatment for hip diseases such as osteoarthritis and avascular necrosis, but It is not yet a replacement for hip surgery.

Hip replacement surgery is surgery that replaces a damaged or diseased portion of the hip joint with an artificial joint, also called a prosthesis. This surgery is usually recommended for people with severe hip injuries or degeneration who have not responded to other treatment options such as medications, physical therapy, or injections.

Stem cell therapy, on the other hand, uses stem cells. Stem cells are cells that have the ability to differentiate into different cell types in the body. Stem cells are thought to have the potential to regenerate damaged tissue and are being explored as a treatment option for a variety of conditions, including hip disease.

Stem cell therapy is a promising treatment option for certain hip disorders. , but more research is needed to determine its efficacy and long-term safety. It is important to discuss all treatment options with your doctor before making any treatment decisions.

What is the best age for hip replacement?
Hip replacement surgery is generally recommended for people with hip pain and limited range of motion due to advanced osteoarthritis or other hip disorders. The optimal age for hip replacement surgery depends on an individual's specific needs and medical conditions.

In general, hip replacement surgery is best performed on people over the age of 60. This is because osteoarthritis, the most common condition leading to hip replacement surgery, is more common in older people. However, hip surgery can be done at any age if needed.

The decision to have hip replacement surgery is usually based on the severity and functional limitations of the hip pain and the patient's general health and physical condition. Age is not the only determinant of whether a person is a candidate for hip replacement surgery.

Which hospitals in Nigeria offer free orthopaedic surgery?
There are probably several hospitals in Nigeria that offer free or low-cost orthopaedic surgery to patients who cannot afford private health care. However, the availability and details of such programs may vary and are subject to change. We recommend checking with individual hospitals, local authorities, or social services offices for low-cost or free orthopaedic options in your area.

In addition to public hospitals, there may also be non-profit organizations or non-profit hospitals that provide free or low-cost orthopaedic surgery to patients in need. It is worth considering these options and contacting them to inquire about eligibility requirements and availability.

It is important to note that free or low-cost orthopaedic surgery may result in longer wait times and may not be as readily available as private care.

How much does orthopaedic surgery cost in Nigeria?
It is difficult to accurately estimate the cost of orthopaedic surgery in Nigeria. This is because medical costs vary depending on many factors, including hospitals and clinics and the patient's health insurance coverage. Additionally, the cost of orthopaedic surgery in Nigeria may be affected by economic and market forces, as well as by government policies and regulations.

Who is the best orthopaedic surgeon in Nigeria?
It is not appropriate for us to recommend specific doctors or medical providers. It is important to choose a healthcare provider who is qualified, and experienced and meets your individual needs and preferences. There are many qualified orthopaedic surgeons in Nigeria, and the best one for you will depend on your specific medical condition and treatment needs.







Disclaimer: The information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by

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