Pituitary Gland Surgery (Hypophysectomy)


A hypophysectomy is a surgical procedure carried out to take away the pituitary gland.

The pituitary gland is as well-known as the hypophysis, is a tiny gland nestled below the front of your brain. It controls the hormones produced in different vital glands, consisting of the adrenal and thyroid glands.

Hypophysectomy is carried out for a range of reasons, including:

Removal of tumors round the pituitary gland.

Removal of craniopharyngiomas, tumors made of tissue from round the gland.

Treatment of Cushing’s syndrome, which takes place when your body is exposed to lots of the hormone cortisol.

Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy: The pituitary gland is taken out through your nostril by using the sphenoid sinus, a cavity close to the back of your nose. This is frequently carried out with the help of surgical microscope or endoscopic camera.

How is this method carried out?

Before the procedure, ensure you are prepared by way of doing the following:

Take a few days off work or from other activities.

Schedule imaging assessments with your doctor so that they can get to understand the tissues around your pituitary gland.

Sign a consent form so that you comprehend all the dangers concerned in the procedure.

To do a transsphenoidal hypophysectomy, the most frequent type, your surgeon:

Puts you in a semi-reclining role with your head stabilized so it can't move.

Makes quite a few small cuts beneath your higher lip and via the front of your sinus cavity.

Inserts a speculum to maintain your nasal cavity open.

Inserts an endoscope to view projected snap shots of your nasal cavity on a screen.

Inserts different tools, such as a kind of forceps referred to as pituitary rongeurs, to take away the tumor and section or all of the pituitary gland.

Uses fat, bone, cartilage, and some surgical substances to reconstruct the place the place the tumor and gland had been removed.

Inserts gauze handled with an antibacterial ointment into the nostril to stop bleeding and infections.

Stitches the cuts in the sinus cavity and on the higher lip with sutures.

What is recovery like from this procedure?

A hypophysectomy takes one to two hours. Some procedures, like stereotaxis, might also take 30 minutes or less.

What do I have to do when I’m recovering?

Until your doctor says it is alright to do so, keep away from doing the following:

Don’t blow, clean, or stick whatever in your nose.

Don’t bend forward.

Don’t lift anything heavier than 10 pounds.

Don’t swim, take a bath, or put your head underneath water.

Don’t return to work or your regular every day activities.

What are the feasible issues of this procedure? 

Some issues that can result from this surgical treatment include:

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks: CSF fluid round your talent and backbone leak into your apprehensive system. This requires therapy with a manner referred to as a lumbar puncture, which includes inserting a needle into your backbone to drain extra fluid.

Hypopituitarism: Your body doesn’t produce hormones properly. This may additionally want to be dealt with the hormone replacement therapy (HRT).

Diabetes insipidus: Your body doesn’t properly manipulate the quantity of water in your body.

See your doctor immediately if you observe any of the following problems after your procedure:

Frequent nosebleeds

Extreme emotions of thirst

Loss of vision

Clear liquid draining from your nose

Peeing frequently than normal

Headaches that don’t go away with ache medications

High fever (101° or higher)

Feeling continuously sleepy or exhausted after surgery

Throwing up regularly or having diarrhea

The outlook

Having your pituitary gland eliminated is a main procedure that can have an effect on your body’s potential to produce hormones.

But this surgical treatment can assist deal with health problems that can in any other case have extreme complications.

Plenty of remedies are additionally on hand to substitute the hormones that your body may also not produce sufficient of anymore.

DisclaimerThe information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by

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