The mitral valve is found on the left side of the heart. It serves as an inflow valve. Its duty is to allow blood from the left atrium to flow into the left ventricle. Surgery may be needed if the valve doesn’t fully open or fully close. When the valve is too narrow, it can make it hard for blood to enter. This can cause it to back up, causing force in the lungs. When the valve doesn’t close appropriately, blood can drip back into the lungs. This can be as a result of a congenital defect, infection, or a degenerative disease.
The faulty valve will be replaced with either a metal artificial valve or a biological valve. The metal valve will last a lifetime but needs you to take blood thinners. The biological valve lasts between 15 to 20 years, and you will not need to take medication that thins your blood.
These also play a role in survival rate:
Your entire health
Your heart function
Other medical conditions you have
Heart valve replacement surgical treatment is Carried out under general anesthesia with methods that are either conventional or minimally invasive. Conventional surgery needs a large incision from your neck to your navel. If you have less invasive surgery, the length of your incision can be shorter and you can also minimize your risk of infection.
For a surgeon to efficiently remove the diseased valve and replace it with a new one, your heart must be still. You’ll be positioned on a bypass machine that keeps blood circulating through your body and your lungs functioning during surgery. Your doctor will make incisions into your aorta, through which the valves will be taken out and replaced. There’s almost a 2 percent risk of death related with valve replacement surgery.
The majority of heart valve replacement recipients remain in the hospital for approximately five to one week. If your surgery was minimally invasive, you might be discharged earlier. Medical staff will give you pain medication as required and constantly observe your blood pressure, breathing and heart function throughout the first few days after a heart valve replacement.
Full recovery may take some weeks or up to several months, base on your rate of healing and the type of surgery that was done. Infection is the primary risk directly after surgery, so keeping your incisions sterile is of extreme importance.
Always contact your doctor immediately if you have symptoms that indicate infection, such as:
tenderness or swelling at the incision site
increased drainage from the incision site
Follow-up appointments are necessary and will assist your doctor know when you’re ready to resume your everyday activities. Ensure you have a support system in place for the time following your surgery. Ask family members and friends to help you out around the house and take you to medical appointments as you recover.
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