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Prostate Cancer Treatment in Nigeria (Prostatectomy)


What is Prostate enlargement disease?


The Male reproductive system comprises the penis, the testes, the vas deferens, seminal vesicles and the prostate gland. The prostate is a gland found under the bladder and surrounds the urethra between the pubic bone and the rectum. It plays a vital role in the part of the male reproductive system that produces the fluids that contain sperm. Prostrate enlargement simply means that the prostate gland has increased in size and this is referred to as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).


What causes prostate enlargement?


An enlarged prostate can either be due to a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate cancer. 


Diagnosis of enlarged prostrates


The Prostrate Specific Antigen test (PSA) and the digital rectal examination are the most commonly used methods for the detection of prostate cancer. click here to book a Prostate examination and prostate-specific antigen test.


Symptoms of enlarged prostate


The major noticeable symptoms of enlarged prostrates are;

Urinary incontinency (inability to hold urine)

pains around the groin and discomfort.

For prostate cancer, the symptoms will vary at each stage.


Why is the Prostate removed?


The Surgery done for the partial or total removal of the prostate is referred to as a prostatectomy.

The most common reasons for prostate surgery are; 

1. Prostate cancer

2. An enlarged prostate also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)


What is Prostate cancer?


Prostrate cancer is a type of cancer that starts at the prostrate. It is the most common type of cancer in men. As with most other cancers, abnormal cells begin to divide and grow uncontrollably which have the potential to spread into other parts of the body. Prostrate cancers are generally grouped into localised, locally advanced and metastatic stages.

Localised prostate cancer; This is a type of cancer that only affects the prostate and usually doesn't spread to other parts of the body.

Locally advanced prostate cancer;  is a type of cancer that has spread from the prostate gland to nearby tissues such as the rectum.

Metastatic prostate cancer;  at this stage, the cancer would have spread throughout the body reaching the bones.


What causes prostate cancer?


Prostrate cancer can be caused by one or a combination of factors which include:

Age

Genetics and ethnicity

Pre-existing medical conditions

Lifestyle habits


Diagnosis of Prostate cancer


The Prostrate  Specific Antigen test (PSA) and the digital rectal examination are the most commonly used methods for the detection of prostate cancer. click here to book a Prostate examination and prostate-specific antigen test.


What are the signs of Prostate cancer?


Prostrate cancer may not show signs or symptoms in the earliest stages but however, a person with prostate cancer may experience generalised symptoms such as;

  1. Difficulty urinating
  2. Severe back pain
  3. Fatigue
  4. Weight loss

Prostate cancer surgery in Nigeria


There are various treatment options for prostate cancer depending on the stage. You should consult a doctor to discuss the best-fit option regarding your treatment, and to book a Doctor's appointment and consultation.

Surgery however is the main and permanent treatment for prostrate cancer. This procedure is referred to as prostatectomy (Permanent removal of the prostate gland). Other treatment options include;

HIFU (High intensity focused ultrasound)

Hormone therapy

Cryotherapy

Radiotherapy


HIFU treatment of Prostate cancer


This is the use of high-frequency waves to destroy the cancer cells. This is usually done to combat prostate cancer in its earliest stages when cancer may not have spread from within the prostate to other parts of the body.


Hormone therapy treatment of  Prostate cancer


Testosterone determines the growth rate of prostate cancer so hormone therapy takes advantage of this to inhibit or lower the amount of testosterone in the body which will in turn reduce the growth and possibility of recurrence for prostrate cancer.


What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?


Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland in men. BPH would usually cause the prostate to increase in size which affects the flow of urine. This commonly affects men who are aged 50 and above. 


What causes Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)? 


Though there is no single pointer as to what causes Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, research suggests that a group of factors such as age, family history and other medical conditions such as Bladder infection and even hormonal changes accompanied by ageing may cause one to be pre-disposed to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). 


Diagnosis of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?


The Prostrate  Specific Antigen test (PSA) and the digital rectal examination are the most commonly used methods for the detection of prostate cancer. click here to book a Prostate examination and prostate-specific antigen test. 


Symptoms of Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)


The symptoms are very easy to spot and they usually include the following;

Troubled/strained urinating

Frequent urination

Visibly enlarged prostrates

painful urination

blood stained urine

lack of urine control (incontinence)

Frequent urination in the nighttime


What  is the treatment for enlarged prostrates (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia)


Before treatment, education is the first step to deciding the procedure you will undertake. There are different types of prostate removal procedures but the collective focus and  purpose of the various treatments is to:

Cure your condition

Minimize side effects

Maintain urinary continence (uncontrollable urine)

Maintain the ability to have erections

Minimize pain before, during and after surgery

There are two major types of surgery for the correction of enlarged prostrates  and they are:

Radical prostatectomy  

Open simple prostatectomy

The surgeon will further discuss and explore available options with you upon consultation.


How to Prevent Enlarged Prostrates


Certain lifestyle modifications like diets to prevent and manage underlying diseases like blood pressure, heart diseases, etc. can reduce the chances of being predisposed to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). 


What is the Cost of Prostrate Surgery in Nigeria?


Prostrate surgery cost depends on a variety of factors such as;

1. Type of surgery

2.  Age of the patient

3.  Location of the hospital

4.  Duration of stay at the hospital

5.  After-care packages


FAQS


What is Orchidectomy? 

Orchidectomy is a type of hormone therapy for prostrate-related issues that involves the surgical removal of the testicles as a permanent solution.

Is Prostrate Surgery a major surgery? 

Prostrate surgery is a major surgery because it is a partial or total removal of the prostrate via open surgery.

What is the average recovery time for prostrate surgery?

Recovery will usually take some weeks and you will need to spend a few days in the hospital after which you can go home to zero strenuous activity. You can go back to your normal activities 5 to 7 weeks after surgery.

Can you still get an erection after the prostrate is removed? 

Patients who have undergone more targeted prostatectomy surgeries like nerve-sparing surgery have shown reasonable improvement after drugs and therapy in getting an erection after treatment but this is subject to some factors. However, upon consultation, you may be able to discuss and explore your best-fit option.


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DisclaimerThe information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by Surjen.com.



What test is done to detect Prostate cancer?


The Prostrate  Specific Antigen test (PSA) and the digtal rectal examination are the most commonly used methods for the detection of Prostrate cancer. click here to book a Prostate examination and Prostrate specific antigen test.


What test is done to detect Prostate cancer?


The Prostrate  Specific Antigen test (PSA) and the digtal rectal examination are the most commonly used methods for the detection of Prostrate cancer. click here to book a Prostate examination and Prostrate specific antigen test.

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