ROOT CANAL SURGERY
A root canal is a dental procedure that has to do the removal of the soft center of the tooth, the pulp. The pulp is consist of nerves, connective tissue, and blood vessels that assist the tooth to grow.
In a lot of cases, a general dentist or endodontist will carry out a root canal while you’re under local anesthesia.
When is a root canal required?
A root canal is done when the soft inner part of a tooth, called the pulp, is injured, inflamed or infected.
The crown of the tooth — the place you can see above your gums — can remain intact even if the pulp is dead. Removing injured or infected pulp is the best option if you want to to preserve the structure of the tooth.
Common causes of damage to the pulp include:
Multiple dental procedures on the same tooth
A chip or crack in the tooth
Deep decay due to an untreated cavity
An injury to the teeth (you might injure a tooth if you get hit in the mouth; the pulp can still be Damaged even if the injury doesn’t crack the tooth)
The most known symptoms of damaged pulp include pain in your tooth, and swelling and a feeling of heat in your gums. Your dentist will examine the painful tooth and take X-rays to affirm the diagnosis. Your dentist may additionally refer you to an endodontist if they think you require a root canal.
How is a root canal carried out?
A root canal is carried out in a dental office. When you go for your appointment, a technician will take you to a treatment room, assist you get seated in a chair, and place a bib around your neck to protect your clothes from stains.
Step 1: Anesthetic
The dentist will place a small amount of numbing medicine on your gum near the affected tooth. Once it has taken effect, a local anesthetic will be injected into your gums. You may feel a sharp pinch or a burning sensation, but this will go quickly.
You’ll remain awake during the procedure, but the anesthetic will make you not to feel any pain.
Step 2: Removing the pulp
When your tooth is numb, the endodontist or general dentist will do a small opening in the top of the tooth. Once the infected or damaged pulp is exposed, the expert will carefully remove it using special equipment known as files. They’ll be mostly careful to clean out all the pathways (canals) in your tooth.
Step 3: Antibiotics
Once the pulp has been taken out, the dentist may also coat the area with a topical antibiotic to make sure that the infection is gone and to prevent another infection. Once the canals are cleaned and disinfected, the dentist will fill and seal the tooth with a sealer paste and rubber-like material referred to as gutta-percha. They can as well prescribe you oral antibiotics.
Step 4: Temporary filling
The dentist will finishes the procedure by filling the small opening in the top of the tooth with a soft, momentary material. This sealant assists in preventing the canals from being damaged by saliva.
Follow-up after your root canal
Your tooth and gums might feel sore when the numbing medication goes off. Your gums may additionally swell. Most dentists will have you treat these symptoms with over-the-counter pain medicines such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil). Call your dentist if the ache becomes extreme or lasts for more than some days.
You should be able to resume your normal activities the day after the procedure. Do chew with the damaged tooth until it’s permanently filled or a crown is placed over the top.
You’ll see your normal dentist within a few days of the root canal. They’ll take X-rays to ensure that any infection is gone. They will also substitute the momentary filling with a permanent filling.
If you want, the dentist may place a permanent crown on the tooth. Crowns are synthetic teeth that can be made from porcelain or gold. The advantage of a crown is its realistic appearance.
It may take you some weeks to become used to how the tooth feels after the procedure. This is normal and no cause for alarm.
Risks of a root canal
A root canal is done in an effort to save your tooth. Sometimes, the damage is too deep or the tooth is too frail to withstand the procedure. These factors can cause loss of the tooth.
Another risk is having an abscess at the root of the tooth if some of the contaminated material remains behind or if the antibiotics are not effective.
If you’re worried about a root canal, you can discuss with your dentist about an extraction instead. This often has to do with placing a partial denture, bridge, or implant in place of the broken tooth.
What happens after a root canal?
A root canal is seen as a restorative procedure. Most people who have the procedure are able to enjoy the positive results for the rest of their lives. However, how long results last depends on the way you take care of your teeth.
Just as the rest of your teeth depend on good oral hygiene habits, your restored tooth needs normal brushing and flossing also.
The information provided herein is for patient general knowledge only and should not be used during any medical emergency, for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Duplication for personal and commercial use must be authorized in writing by Surjen.com.
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